Roberta Cohen of the Brookings Institution discusses the expanded African Union peacekeeping force in Sudan's Darfur region. She says the AU force, besides being undermanned and underfunded, is seriously limited by the actions of the Sudanese government.
Sudan continues to refuse a UN peacekeeping force in Darfur. As pressure to act mounts, the international community faces a question: Does its “responsibility to protect” trump Sudan’s national sovereignty?
To understand the drivers of conflict and the keys to sustainable peace in eastern Sudan, the United States Institute of Peace (USIP), in partnership with the Nairobi Peace Initiative Africa, hosted a discussion workshop in Nairobi in August 2006. This briefing summarizes the main discussions and the background to the conflict.
A small African Union force has proven ineffective in the latest surge of violence against humanitarian workers and civilians in Sudan's Darfur region. A showdown is looming at the United Nations, where there are plans to send 17,000 peacekeepers.
An impotent UN Security Council and an ineffective African Union peacekeeping force have failed to alleviate the misery in Sudan's western Darfur region, where over a hundred thousand have been killed and millions of refugees are threatening security across the region.
David Rieff argues that Darfur demands a consensus from the international community on the topic of military intervention. David Rieff believes that humanitarian intervention in Darfur carries greater risks and costs than "human rightists" are willing to recognize.
The Human Rights Watch reports that more than one hundred people have been killed in recent attacks in Eastern Chad. Witnesses showed Human Rights Watch researchers one of the massacre sites. Human Rights Watch is increasingly circumspect about escalating volatility in West Darfur, which is controlled by the Sudanese government and boarders Chad. The porous border and diverse armament of groups in the region is ominous and representative of the hostile region.
Marathon negotiations driven by British and American diplomats have produced a tentative agreement between the Sudanese government and the leading rebel faction, though leaders signed the document "with reservations."
Whatever the outcome of the current round of peace negotiations between Sudan's government and rebel groups, the crisis in Darfur seems likely to drag on. Meanwhile, the UN Security Council is planning a transition from AU peacekeepers to an expanded, UN-led force.
In a constant state of near-drought and desperately poor in good times, the desert republic of Chad is heading toward a fateful election early next month as Darfur's hungry refugees, a bloody rebel army, and the World Bank all demand their due.
The Council on Foreign Relations' David Rockefeller Studies Program—CFR's "think tank"—is home to more than seventy full-time, adjunct, and visiting scholars and practitioners (called "fellows"). Their expertise covers the world's major regions as well as the critical issues shaping today's global agenda. Download the printable CFR Experts Guide.
The author examines Pakistan's complex role in U.S. foreign policy and advocates for a two-pronged approach that works to quarantine threats while integrating Pakistan into the broader U.S. agenda in Asia.