The three-year conflict in Darfur continues as the United Nations prepares to send a peacekeeping mission to replace the ineffectual African Union (AU) presence in Sudan. Human rights advocates say the Darfur situation highlights the international community's inability to protect civilians when their governments are unable or unwilling to help.
Sudan's bid to chair this year's African Union Summit has brought fierce criticism from opponents who say Khartoum's human rights record would damage the organization's efforts at reform. Sudan continues to fight a bloody civil war and the government faces accusations of human rights abuse in its Darfur region.
A link to a Human Rights Watch (HRW) question & answer document outlining the background of the conflict in Darfur, western Sudan, since early 2003. It includes information on the complex pattern of rebel alliances and allegiances in the conflict.
This Agreement between the Sudanese government and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement and Army includes various previous agreements, many of which are superseded by the CPA. This link provides updates and amendments as they occur.
Sudan, the largest nation in Africa, had been mostly mired in civil war since it won independence from Britain, in 1956. The central conflict, between Muslim government forces in the North and rebels in the South, began in 1955, abated in 1972, and resumed in 1983...
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