Analysis Brief

Serbia’s Fateful Choice

Nationalists won Serbia’s general elections but may not have pulled in enough votes to form a government. Kosovo's final status and the stability of a beleaguered corner of southeastern Europe remain at stake.

See more in Kosovo; Serbia; Elections

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USIP: The Future of Kosovo' s Security Sector

Authors: Yll Bajraktari and Christina Parajon

This report from USIP gives details of a public discussion in November 2006 of the Kosovo Internal Security Sector Review (ISSR). The ISSR, conducted by the United Nations Development Program, was a non-traditional approach to security sector review. The program evaluated Kosovo's security situation from the inside out, looking at the threat of insecurity with the help and participation of the citizens of Kosovo. With talks on the future status of Kosovo well underway, the international community must prioritize security sector reform, says USIP. Stability in the region will hinge on Kosovo's ability to maintain security for all its citizens. Security will be the key to economic development, civic responsibility, and productive relations both among Kosovo's citizens and between Kosovo and its neighbors in the Balkans.

See more in Rule of Law; Kosovo

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USIP: Kosovo: Ethnic Nationalism at Its Territorial Worst

Authors: Daniel P. Serwer and Yll Bajraktari

This link is to a report from the United States Institute for Peace’s report on ethnic conflict in Kosovo. The report argues that the international community's military and financial investments in the Balkans over the past fifteen years have led to substantial improvements in most of the territories of the former Yugoslavia, but that this progress will be put at risk if talks on Kosovo's status lead to de facto ethnoterritorial separation, with Serbs governed on their own territory by Belgrade. Partition could trigger another wave of violence, mass displacement of civilians, and instability in multiethnic states of the region.

See more in Kosovo; Sovereignty; Ethnicity, Minorities, and National Identity

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International Crisis Group: An Army For Kosovo?

This report from the International Crisis Group argues that as Kosovo comes closer to achieving statehood, more planning for Kosovo's security is required. The report argues that a key component of post-independence security structures should be an army built in part upon the Kosovo Protection Corps, oriented to international missions like peacekeeping and subject in the first years to strict NATO control and limitations on its size and capabilities.

See more in Kosovo; Sovereignty


Kosovo Eyes Independence

Author: Lee Hudson Teslik

Recent talks in Vienna have revived speculation about the prospects for a near-term solution to the final status of Kosovo. Some experts believe an agreement on Kosovo's independence could be on the horizon, though there are still myriad factors that could influence efforts to resolve the province's status.

See more in Yugoslavia; Kosovo

Analysis Brief

Closure Sought on Kosovo

Kosovo's independence is in view, experts say, after years of war, occupation, ethnic infighting, and protracted negotiations. Final settlement talks are aiming to close a chapter on one of Europe's most intractable disputes.

See more in Kosovo; Sovereignty

Council Special Report No. 8

Forgotten Intervention?

Authors: Major General William L. Nash and Amelia Branczik

This report identifies the principal steps that the United States can take to secure the investment it has made in the western Balkans and facilitate the region's progress toward its rightful destiny within the EU. In doing so, Forgotten Intervention? lays out a straightforward and doable strategy for the United States that will pay dividends.

See more in Conflict Prevention; Kosovo

Other Report

Balkans 2010 (A Center for Preventive Action Report)

Despite years of involvement by the United States and its allies, the Balkans region is suffering from economic stagnation and high unemployment; hundreds of thousands of refugees still await resettlement; prominent war criminals remain at large; and political and legal reform is impeded by endemic corruption, organized crime, and in some cases, a lack of political will. Yet after a decade of extensive involvement and peacemaking in the Balkans, the United States and its allies are winding down their commitment to the region. At this critical juncture, warns this independent Task Force report, if the problems besieging the Balkan states are left unresolved, they will lead to serious social and economic instability for southeastern Europe.

See more in Bosnia and Herzegovina; Kosovo; Conflict Prevention

Task Force Report No. 27

Promoting Sustainable Economies in the Balkans

The conflict in Kosovo, less than four years after the brutal civil war in Bosnia, was a wake-up call to the international community. The West and others had once again underestimated the powerful forces of ethnic hatred and historical grievances in the Balkans. According to this independent Task Force report, economic reconstruction alone will not be sufficient to bring long-term peace and stability to the Balkan region, although raising living standards could foster sustainable economic growth and reduce political tensions.

See more in Kosovo; Yugoslavia; Economic Development