President Donald J. Trump signed Executive Order 13769 on January 27, 2017, and was added to the federal register as 82 FR 8977, 2/1/17. Through this document, citizens from Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen were banned from entering the United States for ninety days.
The belief among Egyptian, Turkish, Israeli, Saudi, and Emirati officials that the Donald J. Trump administration will demonstrate better “American leadership” in the Middle East is misguided, argues CFR’s Steven A. Cook. The lack of a coherent foreign policy means that Middle Eastern leaders will more likely than not be disappointed.
Authors: Reuel Gerecht and Ray Takeyh Washington Post
Contrary to his image as a “pragmatist,” former Iranian President Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, who died last week, brandished a moderate image that concealed the reality of his militancy, argues CFR’s Ray Takeyh with Reuel Gerecht. Instead, Rafsanjani was the most consequential architect of the theocracy’s machinery of repression and regional ambitions and a primary sponsor of the Islamic Republic’s nuclear aspirations.
How did the Obama administration become obsessed with freezing Israeli settlements, leading to the UN vote and Kerry speech that have brought such widespread condemnation? Elliott Abrams explains the history in National Review.
After responding to Syria’s war with strong rhetoric but mostly tepid action, the United States must now set limited goals if it is going to accomplish even a limited amount of good, writes CFR President Richard N. Haass.
Last week the Obama administration abandoned Israel at the United Nations, allowing the passage of a damaging and hostile Security Council resolution. In an op-ed entitled “The United States Just Made Middle East Peace Harder” in The Washington Post, Elliott Abrams explained his views.
Syria's civil war is being fought on multiple fronts by an array of combatants whose alliances, capabilities, and in some cases motives have been in flux. This Backgrounder profiles more than a dozen of the main warring sides.
"The duty to prevent and halt genocide and mass atrocities lies first and foremost with the State, but the international community has a role that cannot be blocked by the invocation of sovereignty."
The United Nations said that in 2005 about its "responsibility to protect." It's the concept that "if a State is manifestly failing to protect its populations, the international community must be prepared to take collective action to protect populations."
And here is what UN officials said this week when describing what is happening in Syria: "A complete meltdown of humanity in Aleppo."
Learn more about CFR’s mission and its work over the past year in the 2016 Annual Report. The Annual Report spotlights new initiatives, high-profile events, and authoritative scholarship from CFR experts, and includes a message from CFR President Richard N. Haass. Read and download »