Middle East and North Africa

Must Read

Reuters: Moderates Fade From Political View in Polarized Egypt

Author: Yara Bayoumy

"Moderate voices have been drowned out in the Egyptian media which largely glorifies the army and its chief, General Abdel Fattah al-Sisi. An absence of established political parties to encourage dynamic pluralist politics has also pushed moderate politicians into the background while the public, weary of instability, mostly backs the army in its 'war against terrorism.'"

See more in Egypt; Politics and Strategy

Must Read

The Economist: How to Stop the Fighting, Sometimes

"[T]he number of medium-to-large civil wars under way—there are six in which more than 1,000 people died last year—is low by the standards of the period. This is because they are coming to an end a little sooner. The average length of civil wars dropped from 4.6 to 3.7 years after 1991, according to Kristian Skrede Gleditsch, a professor at the University of Essex.

Mr. Gleditsch is one of a growing number of political scientists studying civil wars. The field, long overshadowed by studies of superpower conflict, is coming into its own. Its participants do not claim that all civil wars are the same—the range of causes and types of conflict is obvious. But the sheer number of civil wars allows scholars to attempt, at least, a quantitative approach to the factors that affect the wars' outcomes."

See more in Lebanon; Wars and Warfare

Ask CFR Experts

What is the U.S. position regarding the legality of Israeli settlements?

Asked by James Hurt

The U.S. position has fluctuated over time. In the Reagan years, the United States said the settlements were "not illegal." The Clinton and George H.W. Bush administrations avoided the legal arguments but criticized the settlements frequently. President George W. Bush called the larger settlement blocs "new realities on the ground" that would have to be reflected in peace negotiations.

Read full answer

See more in Israel; Peace, Conflict, and Human Rights

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Human Rights Watch: Between A Drone And Al-Qaeda

"Should the United States continue targeted killings in Yemen without addressing the consequences of killing civilians and taking responsibility for unlawful deaths, it risks further angering many Yemenis and handing another recruiting card to AQAP."

See more in Yemen; Drones

Op-Ed

Biological Attack

Author: Laurie Garrett
ForeignPolicy.com

Laurie Garrett examines the recent reports of two polio cases in Syria, which has not reported a case since 1999, and explains why polio is coming back from the brink of eradication.

See more in Syria; Diseases, Infectious