Nigeria

Additional Resources

Foreign Affairs Article

Reforming Nigeria

Author: Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala

Born to professors in what was then still a British colony, Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala was a teenager when civil war broke out in Nigeria seven years after independence, and she ended up working as a cook for the Biafran rebels on the frontlines.

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Foreign Affairs Article

Nigeria's Rigged Democracy

Author: Jean Herskovits

Nigeria's elections last April were among the most seriously flawed in the country's history, thanks largely to the manipulations of the U.S.-backed ruling party. With Nigerians increasingly clamoring for accountability, Washington's continuing support could generate more unrest -- and could pose a risk both to oil supplies coming out of Nigeria and to the stability of West Africa.

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Analysis Brief

Nigeria’s Democratic Victory

In a continent where despotism often wins the day, the Nigerian Senate's vote to reject a constitutional amendment that would have allowed President Olusegun Obasanjo to run for a third term of office is notable - even more so since Obasanjo has decided to abide by it.

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Analysis Brief

Elections Add Fuel to Nigeria’s Fire

Nigeria’s political temperature continues to rise as moves to alter the constitution to extend presidential term limits stir protests across the country. The country is already beset by sectarian violence and ongoing clashes with militants in the oil-rich Niger Delta region.

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Article

Instead of Cutting Waste, Nigeria Racks Up Debt to Replace Oil Revenues

Author: Matthew T. Page
World Politics Review

Last week, Nigeria’s Senate passed President Muhammadu Buhari’s proposed 2016 budget, which projected a deficit of $15 billion due to falling oil prices. In an email interview, Matthew Page, an international affairs fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations, discussed the impact of falling oil prices on Nigeria’s economy and politics.

See more in Nigeria; Oil; Budget, Debt, and Deficits

Article

Nigeria’s Reform of Its State Oil Company Will Be Cosmetic Without Cutting Corrupt Ties

Author: Matthew T. Page
Quartz

or decades, Nigeria’s state oil company, the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) has been the leading symbol of official corruption and a seemingly boundless source of political patronage. Faced with plummeting global oil prices and dwindling state coffers, president Muhammadu Buhari cannot afford to allow the NNPC, under a veneer of reform, to operate much as it did before. 

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Article

Nigeria: Buhari’s 2016 Budget Continues Use of Secretive ‘Security Votes’

Author: Matthew T. Page
African Arguments

Under President Muhammadu Buhari, the fight against corruption in Nigeria has unquestionably turned a corner. Shortly after taking office in May, he vowed to “plug revenue leakages”, made sweeping changes in the notoriously corrupt Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC), and took steps to tighten control over public spending.

 

See more in Nigeria; Presidents and Chiefs of State; Budget, Debt, and Deficits

Article

5 Things That the President of Nigeria Can Do to Get His Country Back on Track

Author: Matthew T. Page
The Washington Post

President Muhammadu Buhari, who was inaugurated May 29, is the antithesis of the stereotypical Nigerian politician: incorruptible, soft-spoken, self-effacing and deliberate. He embraces the nickname “Baba Go-Slow and Steady.” Buhari’s unhurried style has its downsides, however: It took him an unprecedented four months to name a solid but unextraordinary cabinet.

See more in Nigeria; Presidents and Chiefs of State