Primary Sources

Nuclear Security Summit Statements

On April 5, 2009, President Obama gave a speech in Prague, calling nuclear terrorism "the most immediate and extreme threat to global security," and hosted the first Nuclear Security Summit (NSS) in Washington, DC in April 2010. Additional summits took place in Seoul in 2012 and in the Hague in 2014. The summit aims to secure nuclear material and encourage collaboration between countries to eliminate nuclear weapons. Countries report on their progress in securing their nuclear materials.

See more in Arms Control, Disarmament, and Nonproliferation; United States; Global

Video

Crimea, China, and the Challenges of Risk Management

Speakers: Lawrence D. Freedman and Richard N. Haass
Introductory Speaker: Rita E. Hauser
Presider: Walter Russell Mead

In the first session of CFR's symposium on Risk and Strategy for the Changing World, CFR President Richard N. Haass and Lawrence Freedman of King's College London discuss the changing perceptions of strategic risk in the post-Cold War era with Walter Russell Mead of Bard College.

See more in Global; Politics and Strategy

Primary Sources

The Hague Declaration

Leaders from Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, the United States, the President of the European Council, and the President of the European Commission met in The Hague and released this statement on March 24, 2014. In the joint document, the leaders declares their support for Ukraine's sovereignty and their rejection of Russia's annexation of Crimea. The document states that the leaders will not attend the G8 meeting in Sochi in June 2014, but will convene as the G7 in Brussels.

See more in Ukraine; Russian Federation; International Organizations and Alliances; Territorial Disputes

Audio

Crimea, China, and the Challenges of Risk Management

Speakers: Lawrence D. Freedman and Richard N. Haass
Introductory Speaker: Rita E. Hauser
Presider: Walter Russell Mead

In the first session of CFR's symposium on Risk and Strategy for the Changing World, CFR President Richard N. Haass and Lawrence Freedman of King's College London discuss the changing perceptions of strategic risk in the post-Cold War era with Walter Russell Mead of Bard College.

See more in Global; Politics and Strategy

Ask CFR Experts

How critical is Hamas to the success of an Israeli-Palestinian peace treaty?

Asked by Yijia Liang, from Upper Arlington High School
Author: Robert M. Danin

Hamas, which refuses to recognize Israel in any form, opposes the negotiations taking place between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and believes that Israel should not exist. Its control of Gaza, constituting roughly 40 percent of the population (overall 4.4 million) slated to be part of a Palestinian state, would pose a major impediment to the success of any Israeli-Palestinian peace treaty. The current reality—a divided Palestinian polity with Gaza under Hamas' rule and the West Bank under PLO rule—is a formidable challenge to the viability of any peace agreement signed between Israelis and Palestinians. For instance, in the event the PLO and Israel reached an agreement, with Gaza under Hamas, how would the PLO take control and create a unified Palestinian state consisting of both Gaza and the West Bank?

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See more in Middle East and North Africa; Peace, Conflict, and Human Rights