Polar Regions

Op-Ed

The Whale Oil Economy

Author: Michael J. Gerson
Washington Post

Writing from within the Arctic Circle, Michael Gerson, describes the harsh realities of an ecosystem being tangibly changed by the climate disruption that stems from global warming.

See more in Climate Change; Arctic; Oil

Primary Sources

Declaration of the Establishment of the Arctic Council, 1996

With this agreement (also known as the Ottawa Declaration) the Arctic Council was established on September 19, 1996, by Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Sweden, and the United States. The Arctic Council is a forum to promote collaboration among the Arctic States, Arctic Indigenous communities, and other Arctic inhabitants on issues such as sustainable development and environmental protection.

See more in Arctic; Environmental Policy; Ethnicity, Minorities, and National Identity