Foreign Affairs Article

Rebooting Rwanda

Author: Paul Kagame

On April 6, 1994, a plane carrying Rwandan President Juvénal Habyarimana was shot down by unidentified assailants. The next day, the killings began. Over the next three months, as the international community stood by, an estimated one million Rwandans—Tutsis and moderate Hutus—were systematically slaughtered by Hutu extremists, mostly using clubs and machetes.

See more in Rwanda; Genocide


The Key to My Neighbor's House

Author: Elizabeth Neuffer

Examining competing notions of justice in Bosnia and Rwanda, award-winning Boston Globe correspondent Elizabeth Neuffer convinces readers that crimes against humanity cannot be resolved by talk of forgiveness, or through the more common recourse to forgetfulness.

See more in International Law; Rwanda; Bosnia and Herzegovina


Preventing Mass Atrocities

Speaker: Louise Arbour

In 2005, the members of the United Nations embraced the idea of a “responsibility to protect” populations from genocide and other mass atrocities. Join us as UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Louise Arbour discusses the role her office plays in helping states and the international community fulfill this responsibility. Having recently returned from a visit to Burundi, the Democratic RepublicofCongo, and Rwanda, she will talk about her office’s fieldwork there, as well as share her thoughts on the work of the UN Human Rights Council.

**Please note special time and location.**

11:00 - 11:30 a.m. Reception
11:30 a.m. - 12:30 p.m. Meeting

See more in Rwanda; Sudan; Genocide; Humanitarian Intervention

Primary Sources

UN Security Council Resolution 955: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda

UN Security Council Resolution 955 was adopted on November 8, 1994. It established the International Criminal Tribunal for the Rwanda, "for the sole purpose of prosecuting persons responsible for genocide and other serious violations of international humanitarian law committed in the territory of Rwanda and Rwandan citizens responsible for genocide and other such violations
committed in the territory of neighbouring States, between 1 January 1994 and 31 December 1994 and to this end to adopt the Statute of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda annexed hereto."

See more in Rwanda; Courts and Tribunals; Genocide