South Korea

Primary Sources

Korean War Armistice Agreement

This armistice signaled the end of hostilities in the Korean peninsula until a final peace agreement can be found and it established the Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ). It was signed on July 27, 1953, by U.S. Army Lieutenant General William Harrison representing the United Nations Command, and North Korean General Nam Il, representing both the Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army and the Commander of the Chinese People's Volunteers. Several times, North Korea has stated it no longer recognizes the agreement, in 1994, 1996, 2003, 2006, 2009, and 2013.

See more in Peacekeeping; South Korea; North Korea

Task Force Report No. 17

Managing Change on the Korean Peninsula

The Korean peninsula remains one of the most heavily armed and dangerous places in the world. Despite its deteriorating economy, North Korea retains a standing army of over one million men and an enormous arsenal of artillery and missiles, most of them as close to Seoul, the South Korean capital, as Dulles Airport is to downtown Washington, DC. In 1994, the United States and North Korea almost went to war over the North’s nuclear program. Since then, Washington and Seoul have attempted to cap North Korea’s nuclear ambitions through the Agreed Framework, but the threat from the North remains.

See more in South Korea; North Korea