South Korea

Primary Sources

Korean War Armistice Agreement

This armistice signaled the end of hostilities in the Korean peninsula until a final peace agreement can be found and it established the Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ). It was signed on July 27, 1953, by U.S. Army Lieutenant General William Harrison representing the United Nations Command, and North Korean General Nam Il, representing both the Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army and the Commander of the Chinese People's Volunteers. Several times, North Korea has stated it no longer recognizes the agreement, in 1994, 1996, 2003, 2006, 2009, and 2013.

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Task Force Report No. 17

Managing Change on the Korean Peninsula

The Korean peninsula remains one of the most heavily armed and dangerous places in the world. Despite its deteriorating economy, North Korea retains a standing army of over one million men and an enormous arsenal of artillery and missiles, most of them as close to Seoul, the South Korean capital, as Dulles Airport is to downtown Washington, DC. In 1994, the United States and North Korea almost went to war over the North’s nuclear program. Since then, Washington and Seoul have attempted to cap North Korea’s nuclear ambitions through the Agreed Framework, but the threat from the North remains.

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Teaching Module

Teaching Notes: U.S. Policy Toward the Korean Peninsula

Author: Scott A. Snyder

In this report, a bipartisan group of eminent leaders in the fields of defense policy, weapons of mass destruction, human rights, and academia discuss their consensus on these issues and provide a range of recommendations for U.S. policy toward North and South Korea. Teaching notes by CFR Adjunct Senior Fellow Scott A. Snyder.

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Testimony

North Korea's Nuclear and Missile Tests and Six-Party Talks: Where Do We Go From Here?

Author: Scott A. Snyder

Scott A. Snyder testifies before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs' Subcommittee on Asia, the Pacific, and the Global Environment; and Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation and Trade. His testimony addresses North Korea’s nuclear and missile tests and Six-Party talks.

See more in United States; Arms Control, Disarmament, and Nonproliferation; South Korea; North Korea; Missile Defense

Transcript

South Korea, Poland, and Turkey: Three Emerging Market Success Stories Look to Sustain Their Growth

Speakers: Steven A. Cook, Marcus Noland, Mitchell Orenstein, and Gideon Rose

Emerging economies have boomed over the past decade, but many have recently seen their currencies come under pressure. With a potential currency crisis looming, CFR's Steven Cook, Marcus Noland of the Petersen Institute for International Economics, and Mitchell Orenstein of Northeastern University take an in-depth look at three emerging market success stories in a conversation with Foreign Affairs editor Gideon Rose.

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Transcript

Inside Korea

Speakers: Hyun In-taek and General Kim Tae-Young
Presider: Charles L. "Jack" Pritchard

Hyun In-taek and Kim Tae-young discuss their experiences managing crises on the Korean peninsula in 2010 and their policy recommendations for future U.S.-ROK cooperation.

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Video

South Korea, Poland, and Turkey: Three Emerging Market Success Stories Look to Sustain Their Growth

Speakers: Steven A. Cook, Marcus Noland, and Mitchell Orenstein
Presider: Gideon Rose

Emerging economies have boomed over the past decade, but many have recently seen their currencies come under pressure. With a potential currency crisis looming, CFR's Steven Cook, Marcus Noland of the Petersen Institute for International Economics, and Mitchell Orenstein of Northeastern University take an in-depth look at three emerging market success stories in a conversation with Foreign Affairs editor Gideon Rose.

See more in South Korea; Turkey; Emerging Markets