It would seem that, so far, the National Unity government has not yet provided the hoped-for changes to Sudan's political life or its people.
Millions of Sudanese continue to live in fear of violence because of the unsettled conflict in western Darfur. Also, a one-year-old peace deal ending a long civil war between Sudan’s mainly Muslim north and the animist and Christian south has still not produced a national unity government as planned. The International Crisis Group’s John Prendergast tells cfr.org international pressure is needed for real change in Sudan.
The three-year conflict in Darfur continues as the United Nations prepares to send a peacekeeping mission to replace the ineffectual African Union (AU) presence in Sudan. Human rights advocates say the Darfur situation highlights the international community's inability to protect civilians when their governments are unable or unwilling to help.
The United Nations announced it will send a peacekeeping force to Darfur to quell the ongoing violence. But can the UN succeed where the African Union has not?
Sudan's bid to chair this year's African Union Summit has brought fierce criticism from opponents who say Khartoum's human rights record would damage the organization's efforts at reform. Sudan continues to fight a bloody civil war and the government faces accusations of human rights abuse in its Darfur region.
A link to a Human Rights Watch (HRW) question & answer document outlining the background of the conflict in Darfur, western Sudan, since early 2003. It includes information on the complex pattern of rebel alliances and allegiances in the conflict.
In Slate magazine in 2005, Christopher Hitchens considers what "realism" has wrought in Darfur.
The UN Security Council decided through this resolution of March 31, 2005 to “refer the situation prevailing in Darfur since 1 July 2002 to the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court”.
This agreement between the Sudanese government and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement and Army includes various previous agreements, many of which are superseded by the CPA.
This resolution, sponsored mainly by the United States, threatened the Sudanese government with sanctions if it did not halt attacks by Arab Sudanese militias on black Sudanese villagers of the Darfur region. It also stipulated the formulation of an international panel to decide if the Darfur attacks were acts of genocide.
Sudan, the largest nation in Africa, had been mostly mired in civil war since it won independence from Britain, in 1956. The central conflict, between Muslim government forces in the North and rebels in the South, began in 1955, abated in 1972, and resumed in 1983...