Turkey, as well as Egypt and Pakistan, are places where belief in the existence of a deep state is prominent, writes CFR’s Steven A. Cook. This is partly a function of the fact that these are also countries where there is little transparency and citizens have few avenues by which to hold officials accountable.
There remain many misconceptions about modern Turkey among Americans, writes CFR’s Steven A. Cook. The country is not a democracy, its president is not a dictator, many state institutions are not secular, it does not have a Kurdish problem, and it is the product of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk’s modernist vision of Anatolian society.
Authors: Steven A. Cook and Hussein Ibish The Arab Gulf States Institute in Washington
Since the ruling Justice and Development Party took power in November 2002, Turkey’s relations with Gulf Arab states have gone through four distinct phases, writes CFR’s Steven A. Cook. Turkey started out as a good neighbor and problem solver before it made a bid for regional leadership, which led to a period of estrangement and then an uneasy rapprochement today.
The United States should consider the effects of its intervention in northern Syria on both Turkey and terrorist groups it seeks to destroy, and reconcile the contradictory aspects of its relationship with Turkey.
Many within the Turkish political elite and their supporters, who disdain the American establishment, are supportive of the election of Donald J. Trump to the U.S. presidency, argues CFR’s Steven A. Cook. This, however, is based on a misreading of Turkey’s relationship with the American ruling class.
The fallout between the United States and Turkey after the failed coup demonstrates that Ankara and Washington no longer share values or interests, writes CFR’s Steven A. Cook with Michael J. Koplow. It is time for the United States to search for more reliable allies.
The recent coup attempt in Turkey would not have ended democracy in the country, argues CFR’s Steven A. Cook. As President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has undermined whatever democratic progress Turkey has made in the early 2000s, there was no democracy for Turkey to lose.
While Egypt’s military leaders demonstrated unity of purpose when they overthrew President Mohammed Morsi in 2013, the officers involved in the recent coup attempt in Turkey were proven weak and divided, writes CFR’s Steven A. Cook. Key differences in the political role and public support of the Egyptian and Turkish militaries explain why one successfully overthrow an elected government and the other failed to.
Major tests lie ahead for Turkey's relations with the United States and European Union as President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan can be expected to consolidate power following a coup attempt, says expert Kemal Kirisci.
The weekend’s coup attempt in Turkey failed because the plotters underestimated how much their country has changed since the last military intervention, writes CFR’s Steven A. Cook. That Turks can no longer tolerate military rule and that President Recep Tayyip Erdogan remains popular meant that the likelihood for the putsch’s success were slim.
Security in Turkey has deteriorated in recent years as the country’s leadership seeks to influence conflicts around its borders, argues CFR’s Steven A. Cook. Turkish policies toward Syria, the Kurds, Iraq, and the fight against the self-declared Islamic State has contributed to the rise of terrorism in Turkey, including the attack on the Istanbul airport.
Turkey was selected to host the World Humanitarian Summit in recognition of its generous foreign assistance and refugee policies, but it comes as the country pursues increasingly illiberal policies, says expert Kemal Kirişci.
Among Syrian refugees in Turkey, marriage is sometimes seen as the best option to keep daughters fed, alive and safe, by parents overwhelmed by life’s perils and its costs — but 15-year-old Asma has other plans.
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