The Global Change Research Act was mandated by Congress in 1990 to develop and coordinate "a comprehensive and integrated United States research program which will assist the Nation and the world to understand, assess, predict, and respond to human-induced and natural processes of global change." Every four years, the National Climate Assessment (also called Climate Change Impacts in the United States) reports scientific consensus on how climate change affects the United States, produced by experts from U.S. government science agencies and from several major universities and research institutes.
Peter R. Orszag argues that much of the recent acceleration in U.S. health-care spending is temporary, but he cautions that the acceleration could become permanent if U.S. policy makers do not move more quickly to shift health-care payments to a fee-for-value basis.
Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel spoke at the Woodrow Wilson International Center Forum on May 2, 2014. He discussed strengthening NATO, in the context of Russia's annexation of Crimea and U.S. defense budget constraints.
President of the United States Barack Obama and Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel held a press conference on May 2, 2014. They discussed the situation in Ukraine, potential additional sanctions against Russia, the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (T-TIP), and negotiations on rules for intelligence collection.
Despite its doubters and haters, the shale revolution in oil and gas production is here to stay. In the second half of this decade, moreover, it is likely to spread globally more quickly than most think.
Less than a decade ago, the future of American energy looked bleak. Domestic production of both oil and gas was dwindling, and big U.S. energy companies, believing their fortunes lay offshore, had long since turned away from the mainland.
In January 2014, President Obama commissioned a report on big data and privacy in the United States. Counselor to the President John Podesta, Secretary of Commerce Penny Pritzker, Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz, Assistant to the President for Science and Technology John Holdren, and Assistant to the President for Economic Policy Jeff Zients presented their report on May 1, 2014.
In the immediate aftermath of World War II, the U.S. naval aviator Thomas Moorer questioned Takeo Kurita, a former vice admiral of the Imperial Japanese Navy, as part of the U.S. military's postwar interrogation of Japanese commanders. Kurita told Moorer that one of the most significant reversals of fortune Japan had suffered during the war was the loss of fuel supplies.
The State Department releases a yearly report, which gives a country-by-country overview on religious freedom, primarily focused on the actions of governments, while also addressing societal attitudes. The report was enacted by International Religious Freedom Act of 1998.
The long-running debate over the tradeoffs the United States should make between national security and civil liberties flared up spectacularly last summer, when Edward Snowden, a National Security Agency contractor, handed journalists a huge trove of heavily classified documents that exposed, in excruciating detail, electronic surveillance programs and other operations carried out by the NSA. Americans suddenly learned that in recent years, the NSA had been acquiring the phone and Internet communications of hundreds of thousands of U.S. citizens, as well as collecting massive volumes of bulk telephone records known as "metadata" -- phone numbers and the time and length of calls.
In his essay "The Rise and Fall of the Failed-State Paradigm" (January/February 2014), Michael Mazarr heralds the end of "the recent era of interventionist U.S. state building," which he argues lasted from the mid-1990s to around 2010.
The U.S. Army and U.S. Marine Corps produce this document to guide ground forces in current and future counterinsurgency operations. The manual was updated in 2006 (the first time in twenty years) and again in 2014.
Admiral Dennis Blair spoke at Japan's New Security Policy and Capabilities: Domestic Politics, International Views and Practical Implications, a conference held April 30, 2014, at the Sasakawa Peace Foundation USA (SPFUSA). Admiral Blair was appointed SPFUSA chair on May 1, 2014.
Richard Haass writes, "the concept that should inform American foreign policy is one that the Obama administration proposed in its first term: the pivot or rebalancing toward Asia, with decreasing emphasis on the Middle East," in the Wall Street Journal.
The Council on Foreign Relations' David Rockefeller Studies Program—CFR's "think tank"—is home to more than seventy full-time, adjunct, and visiting scholars and practitioners (called "fellows"). Their expertise covers the world's major regions as well as the critical issues shaping today's global agenda. Download the printable CFR Experts Guide.
The authors argue that it is essential to begin working now to expand and establish rules and norms governing armed drones, thereby creating standards of behavior that other countries will be more likely to follow.
The author examines Pakistan's complex role in U.S. foreign policy and advocates for a two-pronged approach that works to quarantine threats while integrating Pakistan into the broader U.S. agenda in Asia.