Throughout the 1990s, Central Asia's Fergana Valley emerged as a hotbed of Islamic fundamentalism. A clash in the Fergana city of Andijan last year, variously described as a "massacre" or a "counterterrorist operation," caused a serious break in Uzbek-U.S. ties. Now, a new video has some questioning the facts of that event.
A newly obtained video of a May 2005 massacre of civilians in the Uzbek city of Andijan casts new light on an event that led to a marked decrease in U.S. influence in the region.
The USIP-sponsored Silk Road Studies program has issued a report detailing the changing relationship between the United States and Uzbekistan between 2001 and 2005.
The main actors in the Karimov succession are bound to ask what kind of relationship Washington can offer them. The answer will matter, whatever their clan.