Throughout the 1990s, Central Asia's Fergana Valley emerged as a hotbed of Islamic fundamentalism. A clash in the Fergana city of Andijan last year, variously described as a "massacre" or a "counterterrorist operation," caused a serious break in Uzbek-U.S. ties. Now, a new video has some questioning the facts of that event.
A newly obtained video of a May 2005 massacre of civilians in the Uzbek city of Andijan casts new light on an event that led to a marked decrease in U.S. influence in the region.
The USIP-sponsored Silk Road Studies program has issued a report detailing the changing relationship between the United States and Uzbekistan between 2001 and 2005.