Many scholars and analysts see Russian nationalism as a dangerous force, but is widespread concern about the malevolent effects of Russian nationalism—especially on foreign policy—justified? What is the record of nation-building in Russia, and how did nationalism evolve in the multiethnic, Russian empire? What variants of nationalist ideology have arisen in Russia, and what are their benign or aggressive implications for foreign policy? What Western actions might help or hinder the impact of aggressive nationalism on Russian international behavior? This thoughtful book answers these questions by exploring the range of nationalist ideas that have been cultivated in Russia since 1856.
Drawing on a wide range of archival documents and unparalleled interview material from the post-Soviet period, Council Fellow Astrid Tuminez assembles a provocative and thoughtful examination of the efforts of Russian nationalism. How two cases—Russian pan-Slavism in 1856-78 and great power nationalism in 1905-14—shows how aggressive nationalist ideas clearly influenced Russian foreign policy and contributed to decisions to go to war.
"This brilliant book illuminates one of the crucial problems of the twenty-first century. No subject arouses stronger emotions, for better or worse, than nationalism. No country's nationalism is more imoprtant for humanity's future than Russia's. Dr. Tuminez clarifies the various formulations of Russian nationalism in historical perspective and shows their implications for foreign policy. These insights have worldwide significance." —David A. Hamburg, President Emeritus, Carnegie Coporation of New York
"This book argues, in part, that Russia's evolution as a state has been guided for centuries by the imperatives of a sprawling empire. As a consequence, the idea of the people or 'nation' as the arbiter of political authority did not take root. In the past decade, Russians have dismantled the old empire, embarked on democratic reforms, and begun shaping a new state. The future of this new Russia remains unknown, but competing variants of Russian nationalism today are key to shaping that future. Policymakers will gain both historical and practical insights from this well-written and thoughtful work." —Sam Nunn, Former U.S. Senator
"The nature of Russian nationalism fascinates, but its make-up is insufficiently understood. This outstanding book illuminates an area of profound international importance which will help shape the twenty-first century." —Rt. Hon. the Lord Owen CH, House of Lords, UK
Astrid S. Tuminez is an executive associate at American International Group, Inc. She was a program officer at Carnegie Corporation of New York and an adjunct next generation fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations.
India now matters to U.S. interests in virtually every dimension. This Independent Task Force report assesses the current situation in India and the U.S.-India relationship, and suggests a new model for partnership with a rising India.
Rates of heart disease, cancer, diabetes, and other noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) in low- and middle-income countries are increasing faster than in wealthier countries. The report outlines a plan for collective action on this growing epidemic.
Learn more about CFR’s mission and its work over the past year in the 2016 Annual Report. The Annual Report spotlights new initiatives, high-profile events, and authoritative scholarship from CFR experts, and includes a message from CFR President Richard N. Haass. Read and download »
The Winter 2017 issue of CFR's member newsletter, the Chronicle, is a guide to CFR's most important news since November 2016, and includes announcements about new programs, partnerships, fellows, meetings, publications, and members. Read it now.