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Author and co-author of numerous books, including Pathways to Freedom: Political and Economic Lessons from Democratic Transitions and Paradise Beneath Her Feet: How Women are Transforming the Middle East. Expertise in democratization, economic development, civil society, gender, and the Middle East.
Al-Shabab is a militant group fighting for the creation of a fundamentalist Islamic state in Somalia. An African Union military campaign in recent years has weakened the group, yet it remains a threat in a politically volatile, war-torn state. Al-Shabab's activities have mainly focused on targets within Somalia, but it has also carried-out deadly strikes in the region. This interactive timeline looks at the recent history of Al-Shabab from 2004 to present.