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Helsinki Accords

The Helsinki Accords (also known as the Helsinki Declaration) was the concluding document of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe in Helsinki, Finland, and is dated August 1, 1975. The United States, Canada, and the majority of European states signed the accords.
Primary Sources

White House Factsheet on Equal Futures Partnership

On September 24, 2012, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton launched the Equal Futures Partnership of the United States, along with twelve other founding members (Australia, Benin, Bangladesh, Denmark, Finland, Indonesia, Jordan, the Netherlands, Peru, Senegal, and Tunisia; as well as the European Union). The program seeks to break down barriers to women's political and economic participation.
Primary Sources

Declaration of the Establishment of the Arctic Council, 1996

With this agreement (also known as the Ottawa Declaration) the Arctic Council was established on September 19, 1996, by Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Sweden, and the United States. The Arctic Council is a forum to promote collaboration among the Arctic States, Arctic Indigenous communities, and other Arctic inhabitants on issues such as sustainable development and environmental protection.
Primary Sources

Arctic Environmental Protection Strategy

This strategy, also known as the Finnish Initiative, was signed on June 14, 1991 by Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, the USSR, and the United States, five years before the founding of the Arctic Council. The strategy aims to monitor, protect, promote sustainable development in the Arctic region and recognize the rights of indigenous peoples in relation to environmental issues.
Interactive

The Emerging Arctic

by Jonathan Masters, Robert McMahon, Jeremy Sherlick, Hagit Ariav
The northern reaches of the planet are melting at a pace few nations can afford to ignore, yielding potentially lucrative returns in energy, minerals, and shipping. But debate is mounting over whether the Arctic can be developed sustainably and peaceably.
Video

The Emerging Arctic

by Jeremy Sherlick, Hagit Ariav with Scott Borgerson, Michael Byers, Heather Conley, Marlene Laruelle
The northern reaches of the planet are melting at a pace few nations can afford to ignore, yielding potentially lucrative returns in energy, minerals, and shipping. But debate is mounting over whether the Arctic can be developed sustainably and peaceably.
Other Report

Cleaning Up U.S. Cyberspace

by Robert K. Knake
The U.S. government's effort to persuade other countries to adopt norms of responsibility for cyberspace faces a significant obstacle: computers located in the United States host much of the malicious software used to carry out cyberattacks. Robert K. Knake explains.A 
Other Report

Global Economics Monthly December 2015

by Robert Kahn
Steven A. Tananbaum Senior Fellow for International EconomicsA Robert KahnA argues that the European Union (EU) faces rising populist pressure, reflecting long-term challenges to economic policymaking that can only partly be addressed by a cyclical recovery and debt relief. By strengthening the credibility of economic policy and the regiona's resilience to shocks, better policy coordination and a faster path to economic union would go far toward securing a better economic future for Europe and addressing some underlying causes of populism.
Primary Sources

Articles of Agreement of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)

Finance ministers from fifty-seven countries met in Beijing in October 2014 and signed a memorandum to establish the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), which will focus on funding infrastructure to boost economic development in the Asia Pacific region. The Articles of Agreement were opened for signature on June 29, 2015 and must be ratifed domestically by December 31, 2016.