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Human Rights Watch: The Impact of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement and the New Government of National Unity on Southern Sudan

March 2006

It would seem that, so far, the National Unity government has not yet provided the hoped-for changes to Sudan's political life or its people. Certainly, the transformation that was supposed to take place at the national level through power sharing and reform of legislation has yet to occur.

As yet, this new government is still run by a single authoritarian narrowly-based Islamist party, the NCP, and has not become a new hybrid government in which marginalized Sudanese meaningfully participate and where equality among the country's 35 million people prevails (entailing, among other things, an end to the "ethnic cleansing" war policy in Darfur). Unless the situation is drastically improved by NCP actions, it appears doubtful that all Sudanese will have their human rights upheld in this new political arrangement, which includes a provision for countrywide internationally-monitored elections after three years.

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