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United States Instutute of Peace: The Basque Conflict: New Ideas and Prospects for Peace

Author: Gorka Espiau Idoiaga
April 1, 2006

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USIP reports on prospects for peaceful settlement of the Basque separatist issue. The report concludes that the recent announcement of a permanent cease-fire by the Basque Separatist group Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA) signals the most significant window of opportunity for the initiation of an all-party peace process between the Spanish government and the Basque community since 1998, when Prime Minister José María Aznar authorized a dialogue between Spanish officials and ETA in Switzerland. But it remains the case that two competing visions are currently clashing within the Basque community: there are those who want Spain to remain the only sovereign entity within the Basque territories and those who want a new sovereignty status to be agreed upon between Spanish and Basque institutions.

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