The nuclear nonproliferation regime has had difficulty dealing with noncompliance and preventing the illicit use of dual-use materials. A strengthened Proliferation Security Initiative can help prevent proliferation and mobilize international action.
A summit hosted by the Obama administration one year ago has spurred momentum on global nuclear security measures. But the United States must lead efforts to redouble commitments on preventing the proliferation of nuclear materials, writes CFR's Emma Belcher.
Iran's fueling of the Bushehr reactor is a reminder of ongoing concerns about the country's nuclear intentions. Negotiations with Iran on a broad set of issues, though unlikely, might be the best path, says CFR's Emma Belcher.