Turkey's first-ever presidential election is expected to elevate Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan to head of state. The current premier, who faces a divided populace and regional conflicts, is likely to bring executive authority to a largely ceremonial post, says expert Henri Barkey.
See more in Turkey; Elections
With the White House set to host some fifty heads of state for the first-ever U.S.-Africa Leaders Summit, CFR Adjunct Senior Fellow Jendayi Frazer discusses major items on the summit's agenda.
See more in Africa (sub-Saharan); United States; Business and Foreign Policy; Foreign Direct Investment
The latest round of fighting between Hamas and Israel is likely to intensify while marginalizing the Palestinian Authority, says CFR's Robert M. Danin.
See more in Palestine; Israel; Peace, Conflict, and Human Rights
Syria's civilians have become pawns of armed conflict in Syria and strained the resources of its neighbors. International Rescue Committee chief David Miliband discusses the urgent need for an improved global response.
See more in Syria; Refugees and the Displaced
Egyptians will vote for president on May 26–27 in an election whose outcome is considered a foregone conclusion. Four experts weigh the state of Egyptian politics more than three years after the uprising.
See more in Egypt; Elections
The recently reconstituted G7 is poised to serve as a forum for highly industrialized democracies to coordinate economic, security, and energy policy, but critics say that its membership is outdated, undermining its relevance to global governance.
See more in Europe; United States; International Organizations and Alliances
Afghanistan's presidential election could be a democratic milestone, or may be marred by insurgent violence and fraud. Four experts weigh the election's importance.
See more in Afghanistan; Elections
Though overshadowed by NATO and the EU in recent years, the OSCE may offer the most palatable forum for Russia and the West to de-escalate the crisis in Ukraine, says expert Richard Gowan.
See more in Ukraine; Conflict Prevention
Though toppled from power in 2001, the Taliban regrouped to resist the U.S.-led occupation of Afghanistan. As international forces draw down, the insurgency remains resilient.
See more in Terrorist Organizations and Networks; Afghanistan
Russia's troubled North Caucasus region continues to struggle with a low-level Islamic insurgency, but a heavy-handed approach to counterinsurgency has not addressed the root causes of separatism in the region.
See more in Russian Federation; Peace, Conflict, and Human Rights
Will the Assad regime and Syrian political opposition negotiate a political transition or move to alleviate Syria's humanitarian crisis? This Issue Guide provides background and analysis on the long-awaited Geneva II talks.
See more in Syria; Diplomacy and Statecraft
Algerian and Western counterterrorism efforts, along with an African-led peacekeeping force in Mali, have shifted the North African al-Qaeda franchise's criminal and terrorist activities to remote areas of the Sahara and Sahel, explains this Backgrounder.
See more in Terrorist Organizations and Networks; Middle East and North Africa
Hezbollah's long-standing resistance to Israel gained this Lebanon-based Shiite political party and militant group broad support, but its involvement in Syria's civil war may jeopardize its domestic standing.
See more in Lebanon; Terrorist Organizations and Networks
As twin explosions in Volgograd raise concerns of terrorist attacks disrupting Russia's Winter Olympics in February, expert Dmitri Trenin explains the root causes of insurgency in the North Caucasus.
See more in Russian Federation; Terrorist Attacks
Afghanistan faces a critical year as NATO-led troops draw down, international aid drops, and elections could deliver the country's first democratic transfer of power. Five experts weigh Afghanistan's prospects in 2014.
See more in Afghanistan; Fragile or Failed States
The Sinai Peninsula has in recent years become a haven for transnational crime and Islamist militancy, posing new security challenges to Egypt and Israel.
See more in Egypt; Havens for Terrorism
Pakistan has emerged as a sanctuary for some of the world's most violent groups, including al-Qaeda, the Taliban, and homegrown militants, that threaten the stability of Pakistan as well as the region.
See more in Terrorist Organizations and Networks; Pakistan; Havens for Terrorism
The UN Security Council is the premier global body for maintaining international peace and security, but faces steady calls for reform to better meet twenty-first–century challenges.
See more in Global; International Organizations and Alliances
Sarin, one of the world's most lethal chemical weapons, has long been stockpiled but is rarely used by states or terrorists. Allegations of attacks on civilians in Syria, if substantiated, would represent a departure from long-standing international practice.
See more in Weapons of Mass Destruction; Syria
The promise of a democratic Egypt faces its starkest challenge yet as a military crackdown on Islamist protestors threatens to unhinge the transition process. This Issue Guide provides background and analysis.
See more in Egypt; Politics and Strategy