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Executive Order Blocking Property of the Government of Syria and Prohibiting Certain Transactions with Respect to Syria, August 2011

Author: Barack Obama
Published August 18, 2011

President Obama signed this Executive Order on August 18, 2011. The order, according to the White House, "blocks the property of the Syrian government, bans U.S. persons from new investments in or exporting services to Syria, and bans U.S. imports of, and other transactions or dealings in, Syrian-origin petroleum or petroleum products".

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United†States of America, including the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50†U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) (IEEPA), the National Emergencies Act (50†U.S.C. 1601 et seq.), and section†301 of title†3, United†States Code,

I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United†States of America, in order to take additional steps with respect to the Government of Syria's continuing escalation of violence against the people of Syria and with respect to the national emergency declared in Executive Order†13338 of May†11, 2004, as modified in scope and relied upon for additional steps taken in Executive Order†13399 of April†25, 2006, Executive Order†13460 of February†13, 2008, Executive Order†13572 of April†29, 2011, and Executive Order†13573 of May†18, 2011, hereby order:

Section 1. †(a)† All property and interests in property that are in the United†States, that hereafter come within the†United†States, or that are or hereafter come within the possession or control of any United†States person, including any overseas branch, of the Government of Syria are blocked and may not be transferred, paid, exported, withdrawn, or otherwise dealt in.

(b)† All property and interests in property that are in the United†States, that hereafter come within the United†States, or that are or hereafter come within the possession or control of any United†States person, including any overseas branch, of the following persons are blocked and may not be transferred, paid, exported, withdrawn, or otherwise dealt in:† any person determined by the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State:

(i)†† to have materially assisted, sponsored, or provided financial, material, or technological support for, or goods or services in support of, any person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to this order; or

(ii) †to be owned or controlled by, or to have acted or purported to act for or on behalf of, directly or indirectly, any person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to this order.

Sec. 2. †The following are prohibited:

(a) †new investment in Syria by a United†States person, wherever located;

(b) †the exportation, reexportation, sale, or supply, directly or indirectly, from the United†States, or by a United†States person, wherever located, of any services to Syria;

(c) †the importation into the United†States of petroleum or petroleum products of Syrian origin;

(d) †any transaction or dealing by a United†States person, wherever located, including purchasing, selling, transporting, swapping, brokering, approving, financing, facilitating, or guaranteeing, in or related to petroleum or petroleum products of Syrian origin; and

(e) †any approval, financing, facilitation, or guarantee by a United†States person, wherever located, of a transaction by a foreign person where the transaction by that foreign person would be prohibited by this section if performed by a United†States person or within the United†States.

Sec. 3. †I hereby determine that the making of donations of the type of articles specified in section†203(b)(2) of IEEPA (50†U.S.C. 1702(b)(2)) by, to, or for the benefit of any person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to†section†1 of this order would seriously impair my ability to†deal with the national emergency declared in Executive Order†13338 and expanded in scope in Executive Order†13572, and I hereby prohibit such donations as provided by section†1 of this order.

Sec. 4. †The prohibitions in section 1 of this order include but are not limited to:

(a) †the making of any contribution or provision of funds, goods, or services by, to, or for the benefit of any person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to†this order; and

(b) †the receipt of any contribution or provision of funds, goods, or services from any such person.

Sec. 5. †The prohibitions in sections†1 and 2 of this order†apply except to the extent provided by statutes, or in regulations, orders, directives, or licenses that may be issued pursuant to this order, and notwithstanding any contract entered into or any license or permit granted prior to the effective date of this order.

Sec. 6. †(a) †Any transaction by a United†States person or within the United†States that evades or avoids, has the purpose of evading or avoiding, causes a violation of, or attempts to violate any of the prohibitions set forth in this order is prohibited.

(b) †Any conspiracy formed to violate any of the prohibitions set forth in this order is prohibited.

Sec. 7.† Nothing in sections†1 or 2 of this order shall prohibit transactions for the conduct of the official business of the Federal Government by employees, grantees, or contractors thereof.

Sec. 8. †For the purposes of this order:

(a) †the term "person" means an individual or entity;

(b) †the term "entity" means a partnership, association, trust, joint venture, corporation, group, subgroup, or other organization;

(c) †the term "United†States person" means any United†States citizen, permanent resident alien, entity organized under the laws of the United†States or any jurisdiction within the United†States (including foreign branches), or any person in the United†States; and

(d) †the term "Government of Syria" means the Government of the Syrian Arab Republic, its agencies, instrumentalities, and controlled entities.

Sec. 9. †For those persons whose property and interests in†property are blocked pursuant to this order who might have a†constitutional presence in the United†States, I find that because of the ability to transfer funds or other assets instantaneously, prior notice to such persons of measures to be†taken pursuant to this order would render those measures ineffectual.† I therefore determine that for these measures to†be effective in addressing the national emergency declared in†Executive Order†13338 and expanded in scope in Executive Order†13572, there need be no prior notice of a listing or determination made pursuant to section 1 of this order.

Sec. 10. †The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State, is hereby authorized to take such actions, including the promulgation of rules and regulations, and to employ all powers granted to the President by IEEPA as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this order.† The†Secretary of the Treasury may redelegate any of these functions to other officers and agencies of the United†States Government consistent with applicable law.† All agencies of the†United†States Government are hereby directed to take all appropriate measures within their authority to carry out the provisions of this order.

Sec. 11. †This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by any party against the United†States, its departments, agencies, or entities, its†officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.

Sec. 12.† This order is effective at 12:01 a.m. eastern daylight time on August 18, 2011.

BARACK OBAMA

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