The International Maritime Organization states, “The main purpose of the convention is to ensure that appropriate action is taken against persons committing unlawful acts against ships. These include the seizure of ships by force; acts of violence against persons on board ships; and the placing of devices on board a ship which are likely to destroy or damage it.
The convention obliges Contracting Governments either to extradite or prosecute alleged offenders.”
It was adopted on March 10, 1988 and entered into force on March 1, 1992. Protocols were added in 2005.