Expert Briefs

Concise and timely policy analysis from Council on Foreign Relations scholars.

Thailand

Author: Joshua Kurlantzick

In this chapter preview from Pathways to Freedom: Political and Economic Lessons From Democratic Transitions, Joshua Kurlantzick chronicles the winding path of Thailand, which appeared poised for democratic consolidation in the 1990s but has since degenerated into instability and uncertainty.

See more in Thailand; Democratization

Indonesia

Author: Joshua Kurlantzick

In this chapter preview from Pathways to Freedom: Political and Economic Lessons from Democratic Transitions, Joshua Kurlantzick analyzes Indonesia's political, security, and economic achievements since the fall of longtime dictator Suharto in 1998, as well as the country's remaining challenges.

See more in Indonesia; Democratization