Greenberg Center for Geoeconomic Studies Publications Archive
While oil prices over the last three years were the smoothest in decades, volatility is back and here to stay argue Michael Levi and Robert McNally. Levi and McNally explain how price fluctuations, rather than high prices, endanger global economic growth.
See more in Global; Oil
Benn Steil's essay in the July/August issue of Foreign Affairs looks at the international consequences of U.S. monetary policy action. He argues that developing-nation governments are coming to see the need for engineering current-account surpluses and large dollar-reserve stockpiles as a means of insulating themselves against Fed-induced capital-flow whiplash. As this amounts to "currency manipulation" in the eyes of U.S. policymakers, trade tensions are apt to grow.
See more in Ukraine; United States; Monetary Policy; International Finance
Robert Kahn argues that the West should be ready to impose more robust economic sanctions against Russia, in order to deter it from further infiltrating or destabilizing Ukraine. Russia's economic complexity means sanctions would meaningfully reduce Russian wealth and growth, since Russian oligarchs and business leaders have significant financial stakes in the West.
See more in Russia and Central Asia; Sanctions
Robert Blackwill and Meghan O'Sullivan explore the potential of the North American energy revolution, arguing that the diversification of the global energy market will benefit consuming countries and erode the power of traditional producers, a shift with broad geopolitical implications.
See more in Global; Energy and Environment
Michael Levi makes recommendations for President Obama's energy strategy.
See more in United States; Energy Policy
FDR Treasury official Harry Dexter White was the leading architect of the Bretton Woods international monetary and financial system. But he was also a vital agent for Soviet intelligence in the 1930s and '40s. This article brings to bear startling new archival evidence to illuminate his motives.
See more in Intelligence; History and Theory of International Relations; Russian Federation; United States
If the eurozone splinters, it will have been an avoidable disaster.
See more in EU; Financial Crises; Germany
The main health threat in developing states today is not plagues or parasites but illnesses such as cancer and diabetes, noncommunicable diseases long associated with the rich world.
See more in Diseases, Noncommunicable; Global
Blake Clayton says Wall Street is not to blame for high gas prices.
See more in Oil; United States
China seems to want the yuan to dethrone the dollar as the global reserve currency. But don't expect China's currency to take over anytime soon.
See more in China; Monetary Policy
Michael A. Levi says Republicans and Democrats alike have touted the energy sector as the key to solving the United States' employment problems. They are both wrong.
See more in Energy Policy; Labor; United States
The United States' fiscal future depends on whether the country can limit health-care costs.
See more in United States; Health Policy and Initiatives
Saudi Arabia and other OPEC members have long maintained large oil reserves to limit volatility in oil prices.
See more in Energy Policy; Oil; Global
Clean-energy technology is expensive and the United States is spending far too little on developing it.
See more in United States; Renewable Energy; Energy Policy
The Copenhagen conference won't solve the problem of climate change once and for all. Rather than aiming for a broad international treaty, negotiators should strengthen existing national policies and seek targeted emissions cuts in both rich nations and the developing world.
See more in Environmental Policy
Sebastian Mallaby's update to his January/February 2007 essay "Hands Off Hedge Funds."
See more in United States; Business and Foreign Policy
Globalization has brought huge overall benefits, but earnings for most U.S. workers -- even those with college degrees -- have been falling recently; inequality is greater now than at any other time in the last 70 years. Whatever the cause, the result has been a surge in protectionism. To save globalization, policymakers must spread its gains more widely. The best way to do that is by redistributing income.
See more in United States; Globalization; Labor
Global financial instability has sparked a surge in "monetary nationalism" -- the idea that countries must make and control their own currencies. But globalization and monetary nationalism are a dangerous combination, a cause of financial crises and geopolitical tension. The world needs to abandon unwanted currencies, replacing them with dollars, euros, and multinational currencies as yet unborn.
See more in International Finance
The massive growth of hedge funds has sparked warnings of instability and demands that the industry be regulated. But the fear of hedge funds is overblown, based on a misunderstanding of their role in the international financial system. In reality, hedge funds do not increase risk; they manage it -- and policymakers, rather than clamping down, should make sure hedge funds have the tools to perform this function well.
See more in Emerging Markets
See more in Global; Trade