Center for Preventive Action

Micah Zenko: Politics, Power, and Preventive Action

Recent Reports and Memoranda

Other Report Crisis Over Ukraine

Crisis Over Ukraine

by Steven Pifer

As a 2009 Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) Contingency Planning Memorandum "Crisis Between Ukraine and Russia" argued, a major Ukraine-Russia confrontation has significant implications for the United States. Despite ongoing diplomatic efforts, few aspects of the Minks II agreement have been implemented and heavy fighting could resume, precipitating an even deeper crisis between Russia and the West. 

Other Report Libya’s Escalating Civil War

Libya’s Escalating Civil War

by Daniel P. Serwer

The potential chaos highlighted by a 2011 Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) Contingency Planning Memorandum, "Post-Qaddafi Instability in Libya," has come to fruition. Daniel P. Serwer outlines the unfolding crisis and recommends steps the United States, Europe, and Arab countries can take to help mitigate the fallout.

Contingency Planning Memorandum No. 24 Strategic Risks of Ambiguity in Cyberspace

Strategic Risks of Ambiguity in Cyberspace

by Benjamin Brake

Ambiguity in cyberspace—in terms of who is responsible for and the intent of a cyberattack—poses a growing risk of unnecessary military escalation in and outside the cyber domain. Benjamin Brake details how the Obama administration can strengthen its ability to correctly and efficiently attribute an ambiguous attack, reduce the likelihood of its escalation, and mitigate the consequences.

About CPA

The CPA seeks to help prevent, defuse, or resolve deadly conflicts around the world and to expand the body of knowledge on conflict prevention.


  • photo of Paul B. Stares Paul B. Stares General John W. Vessey Senior Fellow for Conflict Prevention and Director of the Center for Preventive Action
  • photo of Micah Zenko Micah Zenko Senior Fellow



Preventive Priorities Survey

Prevention Priorities Survey Map

  • A survey to help inform the U.S. policy community about the relative urgency and importance of competing conflict prevention demands.

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