For the first time since the 1890s, when the United States made its international debut, a new player also from the Western Hemisphere is making the world its stage—Brazil. The Global Brazil Initiative addresses the domestic, regional, and international dimensions of Brazil's emergence as world power. Yet the United States faces Brazil's rise with only an imperfect understanding of its interests and influence. The scope and importance of Brazil's emergence, moreover, extends well beyond the U.S.-Brazil relationship: Brazil's growing influence is evident in trade and finance, global governance, energy, environment, climate change, agriculture, peacekeeping, pandemic disease, and poverty.
Brazil's rise points to among the most important strategic shifts within the hemisphere in recent history. The magnitude of this shift, however, should not overshadow Brazil's ongoing challenges, which include lingering poverty and inequality, insecurity, and deficits in education, health care, and infrastructure. These challenges pose multiple demands upon Brazilians. While the future trajectory of Brazil's rise is likely to be curved rather than linear, its course arcs toward greater inclusiveness, a fairer distribution of wealth, and a sustained commitment to global governance that reflect the voices of rising powers, especially democratic rising powers. To enhance the quality of public and policy debate on the domestic, bilateral, regional and global dimensions of this shift, the Global Brazil Initiative engages in research, outreach, and publication—including Julia Sweig's column in Folha de São Paulo, Brazil's leading newspaper—and an ongoing roundtable series.