Related Publications

Op-Ed

The Iran Time Bomb

Authors: Ray Takeyh, Michael V. Hayden, and Olli Heinonen
Washington Post

Asnegotiationsbetween Iran and the great powers press forward, Secretary of State John F. Kerry seems to have settled on this defense of any agreement: The terms will leave Iran at least a year away from obtaining a nuclear bomb, thus giving the world plenty of time to react to infractions.

See more in Iran; Treaties and Agreements

Op-Ed

The Strategic Genius of Iran's Supreme Leader

Author: Ray Takeyh
Washington Post

On the surface, there is not much that commends Iranís Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. An anti-Semite, he has frequently questioned the Holocaust and defamed Israel in despicable terms. As a conspiracy theorist, he endlessly weaves strange tales about the United States and its intentions. As a national leader, he has ruthlessly repressed Iranís once-vibrant civil society while impoverishing its economy.

See more in Iran; Presidents and Chiefs of State

Article

Emperor Erdogan

Author: Steven A. Cook
Politico Magazine

The increasing authoritarianism of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan is transforming Turkey into an insular and regionally alienated country, says CFRís Steven Cook. As Turkish relations with the Middle East, Europe, and the United States, Turkey risks becoming irrelevant and dangerous.

See more in Turkey; Presidents and Chiefs of State

Op-Ed

The Ayatollah and the U.S. Embassy

Author: Ray Takeyh
Weekly Standard

It has long been the conceit of Iran specialists and political commentators that Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini was not informed that militant students intended to take over the U.S. embassy in Iran in 1979. The Western intelligentsia has vouched for the Islamic Republic and claimed that the hostage crisis was a product of an internal power struggle. It was not about America, but rather about a revolution sorting itself out. As such, the hostage drama should not stand in the way of a rapprochement between the two nations.†

See more in Iran; United States; History and Theory of International Relations

Op-Ed

Iranian Reformers Oppose Government's Nuclear Ambitions

Author: Ray Takeyh
Los Angeles Times

While the supreme leader of Iran Ayatollah Ali Khamenei remains Iranís most consequential decision-maker, many of Iranís most popular yet purged opposition leaders have decried the nuclear program as not economically beneficial, writes CFRís Ray Takeyh. Given that these reformers could win open and free elections, it is important to pay close attention to their arguments.

See more in Iran; Nuclear Energy

Foreign Affairs Article

Coupdunnit

Authors: Christopher de Bellaigue and Ray Takeyh

For as long as the shah of Iran occupied the Peacock Throne, his relations with the United States depended on a mutually accepted falsehood. Neither side stood to gain from acknowledging that Washingtonís favorite dictator owed his position to American skullduggery.†

See more in Iran; Regime Changes

Op-Ed

Rethinking Iran

Authors: Eric Edelman, Dennis Ross, and Ray Takeyh
The Washington Post

With the extension on the nuclear deal with Iran, Western powers would do well to reconfigure their assumptions on how to pressure Iran into a deal, writes CFRís Ray Takeyh. Instead of economic or diplomatic punitive measures, the United States needs a comprehensive and coercive strategy that would mend fences between the White House and Congress on the foreign policy front, strengthen alliances in the Middle East, and isolate Iran from its partners.

See more in Iran; United States; Nuclear Energy; Treaties and Agreements

Article

The President Who Ate Turkey

Author: Steven A. Cook
Politico Magazine

In evaluating Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoganís first ninety days in office, CFRís Steven Cook writes that Erdogan has become so power-hungry that he is expanding the powers of the presidency that ever before. As Erdogan makes himself indispensable to all areas of Turkish politics, the more he is rolling back democracy.

See more in Turkey; Presidents and Chiefs of State

Op-Ed

Iran's Vested Interest in Nuclear Talks

Author: Ray Takeyh
Los Angeles Times

While many seek to pressure Iran into a deal soon, they fail to recognize that Iran continues to participate because the talks act as a shield servicing Iran's interests, writes CFR's Ray Takeyh. From the very start, the Islamic Republic's main policy goal has been to achieved legitimate recognition for its expanding atomic infrastructure.

See more in Iran; Nonproliferation, Arms Control, and Disarmament

Op-Ed

Turkey Has Been Consistent, Just Not in Line With U.S.

Author: Steven A. Cook
New York Times

When it comes to the fight against ISIS, the United States and Turkey are finding it difficult to cooperate because both have different goals, says CFRís Steven Cook. While the United States is more focused on defeating ISIS, Turkey is more concerned with suppressing Kurdish nationalism, preventing the Syrian conflict from spilling over into Turkey, and bringing about regime change in Damascus.

See more in Turkey; Counterterrorism

Testimony

Hamasí Benefactors: A Network of Terror

Author: Steven A. Cook

The ties between American allies and Hamas—a terrorist organization—contribute to instability and violence, CFR Senior Fellow Steven A. Cook told the House Committee on Foreign Affairs Subcommittees on the Middle East and North Africa and Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade. Under political, financial, and military pressure from Israel, the United States, the Palestinian Authority, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates, Hamas has found relief in support from Qatar and Turkey.

See more in Middle East and North Africa; Terrorist Organizations and Networks