This Day in History

Archived Facts

1990

Jean-Bertrand Aristide becomes President in Haiti's first free elections, only to be deposed within a year.

1971

Pakistani forces surrender to Indian troops in East Pakistan, leading to the creation of an independent Bangladesh.

1978

U.S. President Jimmy Carter severs diplomatic relations with Taiwan and recognizes the People’s Republic of China on the mainland.

1956

The Irish Republican Army begins a campaign of guerrilla warfare with an aim to overthrow British rule in Northern Ireland.

2014

The first Chechen war begins when Russian President Boris Yeltsin orders troops to invade Chechnya.

1949

The People’s Liberation Army forces Chiang Kai-shek, President of the Republic of China, out of the country, and he retreats to Taiwan.

1979

Scientists confirm the eradication of smallpox, making it the first and only human disease driven to extinction.

1953

President Eisenhower discusses the peaceful use of nuclear energy for the first time in his Atoms for Peace speech before the UN General Assembly.

1994

Leaders of Ukraine, Russia, the United States, and the UK sign the Budapest Memorandums giving national security assurances to Ukraine.

1982

China's Fifth National People’s Congress adopts the current version of its Constitution.

1984

A chemical leak from a Union Carbide pesticide plant in Bhopal, India kills more than 3,800 people in the world’s worst industrial disaster.

1954

The United States signs the Sino-American Mutual Defense Treaty with Taiwan, protecting it against the People’s Republic of China.

1959

Twelve world powers sign the Antarctic Treaty, banning military activity in Antarctica and designating it as a scientific preserve.

1943

Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin meet for the first time in Tehran to discuss war strategy against Nazi Germany.

1965

The Pentagon calls on the White House to increase troops from 120,000 to 400,000 in the Vietnam War.

1998

Tony Blair becomes the first British prime minister to address the Oireachtas, Ireland's parliament.

1992

Czechoslovakia's Federal Assembly votes to split the country into the Czech Republic and Slovakia.

1992

Czechoslovakia's Federal Assembly votes to split the country into the Czech Republic and Slovakia.

1963

Jack Ruby kills Lee Harvey Oswald, President Kennedy’s alleged assassin; the killing was caught on live television.