This Day in History

Archived Facts

2002

Israel assassinates Hamas military commander Salah Shehadeh in an airstrike that kills thirteen Gaza City civilians.

1954

The Geneva Accords divide Vietnam along the seventeenth parallel.

1947

British troops intercept the Exodus 1947 on its way to Palestine and later return the Jewish refugees to Europe.

1945

A U.S. test of the atomic bomb code-named “Trinity” is the first-ever nuclear explosion.

1995

Bosnian Serbs force thousands of Muslims out of a UN protected zone as the Srebrenica massacre unfolds.

2007

Russian president Vladimir Putin suspends Russia’s implementation of the Conventional Forces in Europe arms-control pact.

1943

Allied forces invade Sicily, launching the Italian Campaign of World War II.

2002

The African Union is inaugurated in Durban, South Africa.

1994

North Korea’s founding supreme leader, Kim Il-Sung, passes away, leaving Kim Jong-il to succeed him.

1937

A clash at the Marco Polo Bridge, near Beijing, marks the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War.

1988

The USS Vincennes shoots down an Iranian civilian airliner, mistaking it for an F-14 fighter jet.

1972

India and Pakistan resolve to settle differences by peaceful means in the Simla Agreement.

1997

Hong Kong reverts to Chinese rule after 156 years as a British colony.

2012

Mohammed Morsi is sworn in as president of Egypt.

1986

The International Court of Justice rules that the United States has violated international law by supporting Contra rebels in Nicaragua.

1963

U.S. president John F. Kennedy gives his "Ich bin ein Berliner" speech, the gaffe that never was.

1950

North Korea invades South Korea, sparking the beginning of the Korean War.

1939

Siam is named Thailand by Plaek Pibulsonggram following a revolution by the People’s Party.

1961

The Antarctic Treaty is put into effect, banning military activity on Antarctic land.