This Day in History

Archived Facts

1912

First Lady Helen Taft and Viscountess Chinda, the wife of Japan's ambassador, plant the first of thousands of iconic cherry trees Japan would give to Washington, DC.

2000

Vladimir Putin is first elected president of Russia.

1911

A fire kills 145 workers at the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory in New York, spurring calls for worker protection laws.

1989

The Exxon Valdez supertanker runs aground on a reef in Alaska's Prince William Sound, causing one of the worst oil spills in U.S. history.

1919

Benito Mussolini founds Fascist Party in Italy.

1852

Harriet Beecher Stowe's anti-slavery novel Uncle Tom's Cabin is published.

2003

PLO leader Mahmoud Abbas accepts position of Palestinian Prime Minister.

1962

France and the National Liberation Front sign peace agreement to end the seven-year Algerian War.

1969

Israel elects Golda Meir as its first female prime minister.

1984

Mozambique and South Africa sign the Nkomati Accord, a non-aggression agreement.

1979

A coup ousts Grenada Prime Minister Sir Eric Gairy, giving power to the New Jewel Party leader Maurice Bishop.

2002

Department of Homeland Security chief Tom Ridges releases a color-coded terror-alert system.

1990

Lithuania declares independence from the Soviet Union.

1876

Alexander Graham Bell successfully completes experiment making the first phone call.

1995

Queen Elizabeth II visits Belfast for the first time since the 1994 IRA-Loyalist cease-fire.

1957

Ghana gains independence from the UK, becoming the first sub-Saharan nation to break from colonial rule.

1953

Soviet leader Josef Stalin dies after nearly thirty years in power.

2009

The International Criminal Court issues an arrest warrant for Sudanese President Omar Hassan al-Bashir for war crimes in Darfur.

2002

Swiss voters decide to join the United Nations, ending almost two hundred years of formal neutrality