This Day in History

Archived Facts

1940

The Soviet Union annexes Estonia, days after annexing Lithuania and Latvia.

1962

Nelson Mandela is arrested for inciting worker strikes in South Africa.

1944

Anne Frank and her family are arrested by Nazi police in Amsterdam.

1914

Germany and France declare war on each other, escalating World War I.

1991

The United States and Soviet Union sign the first Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty.

1899

The first Hague Convention is signed, outlining a rudimentary chemical weapons ban.

1945

The U.S. Senate ratifies the UN Charter at President Harry Truman’s recommendation.

1953

The United States, China, and North Korea sign the Korean Armistice Agreement to end fighting in the Korean War.

1983

Riots spark an anti-Tamil pogrom in Sri Lanka that kills hundreds and thrusts the country into civil war.

1952

The European Coal and Steel Community enters into force, the precursor to the European Union.

2011

Anders Breivik kills seventy-seven in Norway.

1970

Construction of the Aswan High Dam in Egypt is completed.

1974

Turkey invades Cyprus, eventually dividing the island into two.

1976

Indonesia annexes East Timor, beginning a twenty-three-year occupation.

1945

The Trinity nuclear test marks the first detonation of a nuclear weapon.

1975

The U.S.-Soviet Apollo and Soyuz projects launch the final Apollo mission.

1958

Iraq’s Hashemite monarchy is overthrown in a military coup.

1878

The Treaty of Berlin is signed after the Russo-Turkish war, recognizing Balkan states as sovereign.