This Day in History

Archived Facts

1944

Iceland declares independence from Danish rule.

1976

Students hold a mass demonstration in Soweto, South Africa, to protest the apartheid education system.

2000

Kim Dae-jung and Kim Jong-il meet in Pyongyang for the first ever inter-Korea summit.

1991

Boris Yeltsin is elected president of the Russian Federation.

1963

Buddhist monk Thich Quang Duc self-immolates in Saigon, diminishing public support for South Vietnamese president Ngo Dinh Diem.

1971

The White House announces the end a twenty-one-year trade embargo with China.

1999

NATO and Yugoslavia sign an agreement for the withdrawal of Yugoslav troops from Kosovo.

1944

D-Day: The Allied Powers begin the liberation of Western Europe from Nazi control.

1975

The Suez Canal reopens after an Egyptian blockade was imposed during the Six-Day War with Israel.

1979

The exploratory oil well Ixtoc I blows out, spilling an estimated 3.3 million barrels of oil into the Gulf of Mexico.

1999

Thabo Mbeki, leader of South Africa’s African National Congress party, wins the election to succeed Nelson Mandela as president.

1967

The Nigerian Civil War is sparked when the Republic of Biafra declares independence from Nigeria.

1999

U.S. space shuttle Discovery completes the first docking with the International Space Station.

1964

The PLO is founded, with the purpose of serving as a representative of the Palestinian people.

1972

In an attempt to control nuclear weapons, the U.S. and the Soviet Union sign the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) agreements.

1949

West Germany announces independence, diminishing any hope of a possible German unification.

1990

After years of mutual unrest, North and South Yemen agree to merge into the Republic of Yemen with Ali Abdallah Saleh as leader.

1864

The Russian-Circassian War comes to an end, with thousands of Circassians forced into exile.