This Day in History

Archived Facts

1973

Spanish Prime Minister Luis Carrero Blanco is assassinated by the Basque separatist group ETA.

1984

China and the United Kingdom sign a declaration restoring Hong Kong to China effective July 1, 1997.

1971

A surrender by the Pakistan Army ends the Bangladesh Liberation War and the Indo-Pakistani War.

1978

The United States and China establish official diplomatic relations and the United States withdraws its diplomatic recognition of Taiwan.

1995

Leaders from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, and the former Yugoslavia sign the Dayton Agreement, ending the Bosnian War.

1937

Japanese troops capture the Chinese city of Nanking and launch a campaign that kills tens of thousands of civilians.

1941

Hitler announces to Nazi leaders his decision to exterminate Jews.

1948

The UN General Assembly adopts the Genocide Convention.

1991

The leaders of Russia, Belarus, and Ukraine sign the Belavezha Accords, dissolving the Soviet Union.

1941

Japanese planes attack the U.S. Naval Base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, spurring the U.S. entrance into World War II.

1998

Hugo Chavez is elected president of Venezuela for the first time.

1957

Indonesian President Sukarno expels forty-six thousand Dutch citizens as part of anti-colonial backlash.

1913

The Buenos Aires metro opens as the first underground rail system in the Southern Hemisphere.

1939

Soviet forces attack Finland, beginning the nearly five-month Winter War.

1950

North Korean and Chinese troops expel UN forces from North Korea, a turning point in the Korean War.

1943

British, Soviet, and U.S. leaders discuss World War II strategy at the Tehran Conference.

1971

The People’s Republic of China is admitted to the United Nations.

1990

Margaret Thatcher resigns as British prime minister and Conservative Party leader.