This Day in History

Archived Facts

2009

Armenia and Turkey agree to open their borders and establish diplomatic ties.

2001

A U.S.-led coalition invades Afghanistan to oust the Taliban leadership.

1981

Egyptian President Anwar Sadat is assassinated.

2000

Serbian leader Slobodan Milosevic is ousted following mass demonstrations in Belgrade.

1824

Mexico adopts a new constitution and becomes a federal republic.

1990

Communist East Germany and democratic West Germany unify, ending 45 years of division.

1965

The 30 September Movement launches a failed coup against the Indonesian government, which is crushed by the military under Suharto, leading to a mass anti-communist purge.

1992

Brazilian President Fernando Collor de Mello is impeached on corruption charges.

1961

A military coup in Damascus effectively ends the United Arab Republic, the union between Egypt and Syria.

1940

Germany, Japan, and Italy sign the Tripartite Pact in Berlin, affirming their alliance.

1950

UN troops recapture the South Korean capital of Seoul from North Korean forces.

1932

Ibn Saud merges the kingdoms of Nejd and Hejaz into the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

1980

Iraq invades Iran, launching an eight-year war.

1949

Mao Zedong announces the Communist party will lead the Chinese government.

1984

A suicide bomber attacks the U.S. embassy in Beirut, killing 23 people and injuring more than 60 others.

1946

Sir Winston Churchill calls for the creation of the Council of Europe to promote human rights and protect democracy in Europe.

1970

King Hussein of Jordan declares martial law after four passenger planes are hijacked, leading to civil war.

1935

Nazi officials introduce the Nuremberg laws, depriving German Jews of citizenship.

1901

Vice President Theodore Roosevelt is sworn in as President of the United States following the assassination of William McKinley.