This Day in History

Archived Facts

1970

The state of Biafra surrenders after a thirty-two-month war for independence from Nigeria.

1953

Josip Broz Tito is sworn in as president of Yugoslavia.

1964

Hindu-Muslim riots break out in Calcutta, resulting in the deaths of 100 people.

1946

The first General Assembly of the United Nations convenes in London.

2005

Mahmoud Abbas wins the election for President of the Palestinian National Authority.

1953

U.S. president Harry Truman announces the development of the hydrogen bomb.

1941

President Franklin D. Roosevelt, making the case for U.S. involvement in World War II, speaks of four universal freedoms in the State of the Union.

1848

The House of Representatives denounces the Mexican-American War as "unnecessarily and unconstitutionally begun.”

1963

The Viet Cong wins its first major victory in the Battle of Ap Bac.

1999

U.S. forces withdraw from the Panama Canal, completing its handover to Panamanian control.

1853

Nearly six years after the Mexican-American War, the Gadsden Purchase creates the present-day border between the two countries.

1945

Ratification of the Bretton Woods Agreements establishes the World Bank Group.

1941

Though many legislators are out of town, Winston Churchill addresses the U.S. Congress—the first British prime minister to do so.

1914

Soldiers in World War I's western front climb out of their trenches for a Christmas truce.

1973

Basque militants assassinate Spanish dictator Francisco Franco's designated successor, Luis Carrero Blanco.

1776

Thomas Paine's "The American Crisis, No. I" inspires American troops at the hard-fought Battle of Trenton.

2008

Senior Rwandan military official Thenoneste Bagosora is convicted of genocide by a UN-backed tribunal.

2010

Twenty-six-year-old vendor Mohammed Bouazizi sets himself on fire, setting in motion revolution in Tunisia.