This Day in History

Archived Facts

2003

NATO assumes command of peacekeeping in Afghanistan, its first major operation outside of Europe.

1944

U.S. forces recapture Japanese-held Guam.

1945

The U.S. military drops an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Nagasaki.

1974

President Richard Nixon announces his resignation amid Watergate scandal investigations.

1962

Nelson Mandela is arrested for inciting workers’ strikes and imprisoned for twenty-seven years.

1995

The Croatian Army launches Operation Storm, an assault that marked a turning point in Croatia’s war against Serb forces.

1958

The USS Nautilus becomes the first submerged vessel to cross the North Pole.

1990

Iraq invades Kuwait, leading to the Gulf War.

1936

The Summer Olympics open in Nazi Germany.

1987

British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and French President François Mitterrand sign a treaty to build a tunnel under the English Channel.

1914

Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia, officially beginning World War I.

1974

The House Judiciary Committee recommends that President Richard Nixon be impeached and removed from office.

1953

Rebels led by Fidel and Raul Castro attack barracks in Moncada and Santiago, Cuba.

2007

Pratibha Patil is sworn in as the first female president of India.

1946

The Irgun, a Zionist paramilitary organization, bombs the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, killing 91 people and injuring 46 others.

1976

The British Ambassador to the Republic of Ireland, Christopher Ewart-Biggs, is assassinated by the Provisional IRA.

1951

King Abdullah I of Jordan is assassinated in Jerusalem.

1979

The Sandinista National Liberation Front overthrows the government of Anastasio Somoza in Nicaragua.

2013

Detroit files for the largest municipal bankruptcy in U.S. history.