This Day in History

Archived Facts

1990

Margaret Thatcher resigns as British prime minister and Conservative Party leader.

1962

China declares a unilateral cease-fire, leading to the end of the Sino-Indian War.

1993

Twenty-one political parties approve a new constitution ending white minority rule in South Africa.

1989

The Velvet Revolution begins in Czechoslovakia, spurring the collapse of the communist government.

1914

The U.S. Federal Reserve Bank opens for business.

1920

The first League of Nations assembly begins in Geneva.

1975

Spain cedes control of Western Sahara to Morocco and Mauritania.

1989

Germans begin to tear down the Berlin Wall after East Germany opens the border with West Berlin.

1921

Italy’s National Fascist Party is founded.

2002

UN Security Council Resolution 1441 warns Iraq of “serious consequences” if it fails to comply with its disarmament obligations.

1944

Franklin D. Roosevelt is elected to a fourth term as president of the United States.

2008

Barack Obama is elected the first African American president of the United States.

1986

Secret U.S. weapons sales to Iran that would come to be known as the Iran-Contra affair are revealed.

1966

The Cuban Adjustment Act enables 123,000 Cubans to apply for permanent residence in the United States.

1993

The Maastricht Treaty comes into force, establishing the European Union.

1998

President Bill Clinton signs the Iraq Liberation Act, supporting Iraqi opposition groups against Saddam Hussein.

1918

Czechoslovakia declares independence from Austria-Hungary.

1988

President Ronald Reagan decides the new U.S. Embassy building in Moscow should be torn down due to infiltration by Soviet listening devices.

1979

South Korean President Park Chung-hee is assassinated by the head of the Korean Central Intelligence Agency.