This Day in History

Archived Facts

1972

Kim Il-sung becomes the first president of North Korea.

2001

U.S. President George W. Bush grants permanent normal trade relations status to China.

1913

U.S. President Woodrow Wilson signs law creating the Federal Reserve System.

1978

Deng Xiaoping reverses Mao-era policies and lays out an economic reform plan during China’s Third Plenum.

2004

In the deadliest suicide attack on U.S. soldiers during the Iraq War, twenty-four soldiers are killed in Mosul.

1973

Spanish Prime Minister Luis Carrero Blanco is assassinated by the Basque separatist group ETA.

1984

China and the United Kingdom sign a declaration restoring Hong Kong to China effective July 1, 1997.

1971

A surrender by the Pakistan Army ends the Bangladesh Liberation War and the Indo-Pakistani War.

1978

The United States and China establish official diplomatic relations and the United States withdraws its diplomatic recognition of Taiwan.

1995

Leaders from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, and the former Yugoslavia sign the Dayton Agreement, ending the Bosnian War.

1937

Japanese troops capture the Chinese city of Nanking and launch a campaign that kills tens of thousands of civilians.

1941

Hitler announces to Nazi leaders his decision to exterminate Jews.

1948

The UN General Assembly adopts the Genocide Convention.

1991

The leaders of Russia, Belarus, and Ukraine sign the Belavezha Accords, dissolving the Soviet Union.

1941

Japanese planes attack the U.S. Naval Base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, spurring the U.S. entrance into World War II.

1998

Hugo Chavez is elected president of Venezuela for the first time.

1957

Indonesian President Sukarno expels forty-six thousand Dutch citizens as part of anti-colonial backlash.

1913

The Buenos Aires metro opens as the first underground rail system in the Southern Hemisphere.