This Day in History

Archived Facts

2001

United States forces lead attack on Taliban-controlled Afghanistan, marking the start of its “war on terror".

1976

Right-wing Thai paramilitary and government forces massacre student protesters, signaling the return of military government.

1952

The United Kingdom becomes the third country to test an independently developed nuclear weapon successfully.

1958

Guinea declares independence from France after a majority referendum votes against a new French constitution.

1928

The Soviet Union issues communist economic goals in its first five-year plan.

1991

The Haitian military overthrows Jean-Bertrand Aristide, the country’s first freely elected president.

1984

The United Kingdom and China finalize details to agreement that ends UK rule in Hong Kong after more than 150 years.

1990

The UN Security Council condemns Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait and confirms economic and air embargo.

1932

Abd al Aziz ibn Abd ar-Rahman Al Saud creates the modern state of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and declares himself King.

1965

The UN calls for a ceasefire to the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 over disputed Kashmir and the war ends.

2006

Thailand’s military overthrows Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra, adding to the country’s long history of military coups.

1947

Major provisions of the 1947 National Security Act, which created the Department of Defense, the National Security Council, and the Central Intelligence Agency, go into effect.

1978

The Camp David Accords are signed, establishing a historic peace between Israel and Egypt.

1963

Malaysia is formed from the Federation of Malaya, Singapore, North Borneo (Sabah), and Sarawak. Singapore later withdraws.

1959

Nikita Khrushchev becomes the first Soviet head of state to visit the United States.

2001

Article V of the NATO agreement is invoked for the first and only time in response to the September 11 attacks against the U.S.

1973

A coup in Chile headed by General Augusto Pinochet topples the democratically elected president Salvador Allende.