This Day in History

Archived Facts

1972

President Richard Nixon, visiting China, signs the Shanghai Communiqué, pledging to normalize diplomatic ties.

2002

A Muslim mob in the Indian state of Gujarat attacks Hindu pilgrims, sparking violence that killed hundreds.

2008

Cuba's National Assembly elects Raul Castro president.

1999

Turkey charges Kurdish nationalist leader Abdullah Ocalan with treason and separatism.

2014

Ukraine’s president, Viktor Yanukovych, is impeached by a unanimous vote of the Ukrainian parliament.

1973

Israeli fighter jets shoot down Libyan Arab Airlines Flight 114 over the Sinai Peninsula, killing more than one hundred.

1979

China invades Vietnam after weeks of border tensions, starting a three-week-long war.

2005

Following its ratification by Russia, the Kyoto Protocol on climate change enters into force.

2003

Protests of the planned U.S. invasion of Iraq take place in hundreds of cities worldwide.

1949

Israel’s parliament, the Knesset, meets for the first time.

2008

Prime Minister Kevin Rudd apologizes for Australia’s treatment of indigenous peoples.

2005

North Korea announces that it has nuclear weapons.

1950

Senator Joseph McCarthy claims he has a list of "known communists" who work in the U.S. State Dept., initiating the second Red Scare.

1904

Japan attacks Russian-controlled Port Arthur, sparking the year-and-a-half-long Russo-Japanese War.

1962

President John F. Kennedy instates a complete trade embargo with Cuba.

1959

The United States successfully tests the Titan I intercontinental ballistic missile, intensifying the Cold War arms race.

1994

President Bill Clinton lifts the U.S. trade embargo against Vietnam, which had been in place since 1975.

1971

Idi Amin declares himself president of Uganda after seizing power in a coup.

1979

Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini returns to Iran after fifteen years of exile.