This Day in History

Archived Facts

1913

The Buenos Aires metro opens as the first underground rail system in the Southern Hemisphere.

1939

Soviet forces attack Finland, beginning the nearly five-month Winter War.

1950

North Korean and Chinese troops expel UN forces from North Korea, a turning point in the Korean War.

1943

British, Soviet, and U.S. leaders discuss World War II strategy at the Tehran Conference.

1971

The People’s Republic of China is admitted to the United Nations.

1990

Margaret Thatcher resigns as British prime minister and Conservative Party leader.

1962

China declares a unilateral cease-fire, leading to the end of the Sino-Indian War.

1993

Twenty-one political parties approve a new constitution ending white minority rule in South Africa.

1989

The Velvet Revolution begins in Czechoslovakia, spurring the collapse of the communist government.

1914

The U.S. Federal Reserve Bank opens for business.

1920

The first League of Nations assembly begins in Geneva.

1975

Spain cedes control of Western Sahara to Morocco and Mauritania.

1989

Germans begin to tear down the Berlin Wall after East Germany opens the border with West Berlin.

1921

Italy’s National Fascist Party is founded.

2002

UN Security Council Resolution 1441 warns Iraq of “serious consequences” if it fails to comply with its disarmament obligations.

1944

Franklin D. Roosevelt is elected to a fourth term as president of the United States.

2008

Barack Obama is elected the first African American president of the United States.

1986

Secret U.S. weapons sales to Iran that would come to be known as the Iran-Contra affair are revealed.