This Day in History

Archived Facts

1966

Indira Gandhi becomes prime minister and India’s first woman head of government.

1950

Communist China recognizes the Democratic Republic of Vietnam and agrees to provide military support.

1945

Soviet troops liberate Warsaw after more than five years of German occupation.

1966

U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson makes Robert C. Weaver the first African-American cabinet appointee, as head of the Department of Housing and Urban Development.

1943

Soviet troops breach the German siege of Leningrad, which had lasted for over a year.

1972

East Pakistan is formally renamed Bangladesh.

1946

The first General Assembly of the United Nations convenes in London, England.

2005

The Sudanese government and the People’s Liberation Movement sign an agreement ending the twenty-two-year civil war.

1977

Czechoslovak activists publicize the manifesto of Charter 77, a movement dedicated to ending human rights abuses.

1918

Anton Drexler founds the German Workers’ Party, predecessor of the Nazi Party.

1999

Eleven EU nations launch the euro as their new form of currency.

1961

President Dwight D. Eisenhower closes the U.S. embassy in Havana, ending diplomatic relations with Cuba.

2006

Former Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein is executed.

1998

Khmer Rouge leaders apologize for the 1970s genocide that killed more than 1.5 million Cambodians.

1972

Kim Il-sung becomes the first president of North Korea.

2001

U.S. President George W. Bush grants permanent normal trade relations status to China.

1913

U.S. President Woodrow Wilson signs law creating the Federal Reserve System.

1978

Deng Xiaoping reverses Mao-era policies and lays out an economic reform plan during China’s Third Plenum.

2004

In the deadliest suicide attack on U.S. soldiers during the Iraq War, twenty-four soldiers are killed in Mosul.