This Day in History

Archived Facts

1945

Italian resistance fighters execute fascist leader Benito Mussolini.

1978

Pro-Soviet Marxists seize control of Kabul and start the war in Afghanistan.

1986

The world’s worst nuclear accident occurs in Chernobyl, making the city and surrounding region uninhabitable.

2015

A magnitude-7.8 earthquake shakes Nepal, killing nearly nine thousand and displacing thousands more.

1997

Peruvian armed forces raid the Japanese embassy and release seventy-two people held hostage by the Tupac Amaru rebel group.

1999

Two teenagers launch a shooting spree at Columbine High School, the deadliest such attack in U.S. history.

1906

The Great San Francisco earthquake destroys a quarter of the city.

2013

Two bombs explode at the Boston Marathon, killing three and injuring 264 others.

1987

Portugal and China sign an official agreement to hand over Macau to China in 1999.

1961

U.S. Confederate forces begin firing on Fort Sumter, triggering the American Civil War.

1979

Tanzanian forces and Ugandan rebels overthrow Ugandan dictator Idi Amin, ending the Ugandan-Tanzanian War.

1990

Nepal’s King Birendra lifts a thirty-year ban on political parties, bringing an end to the absolute monarchy.

1980

The United States breaks diplomatic relations with Iran after more than sixty American diplomats are taken hostage.

1992

The Bosnian Serb Army besieges Sarajevo, and the Bosnian War erupts the following day.