This Day in History

Archived Facts

1914

Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia, officially beginning World War I.

1974

The House Judiciary Committee recommends that President Richard Nixon be impeached and removed from office.

1953

Rebels led by Fidel and Raul Castro attack barracks in Moncada and Santiago, Cuba.

2007

Pratibha Patil is sworn in as the first female president of India.

1946

The Irgun, a Zionist paramilitary organization, bombs the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, killing 91 people and injuring 46 others.

1976

The British Ambassador to the Republic of Ireland, Christopher Ewart-Biggs, is assassinated by the Provisional IRA.

1951

King Abdullah I of Jordan is assassinated in Jerusalem.

1979

The Sandinista National Liberation Front overthrows the government of Anastasio Somoza in Nicaragua.

2013

Detroit files for the largest municipal bankruptcy in U.S. history.

1971

U.S. President Richard Nixon announces that he will visit the People’s Republic of China in an effort to normalize relations.

1958

The Iraqi Revolution begins when the monarchy is overthrown in a coup d'état led by Abd al-Karim Qasim.

1977

Somalia declares war on Ethiopia, marking the beginning of the Ogaden War.

1935

The Chaco War ends after nearly three years when a cease-fire is negotiated between Paraguay and Bolivia.

2006

Train bombings in Mumbai kill 209 and injure more than 700 people.

1994

Kim Il-sung, the Supreme Leader of the Democratic People’s Republic of North Korea dies, and his son, Kim Jong-il, assumes power.

2016

President Ronald Reagan appoints Sandra Day O’Connor to the United States Supreme Court, making her its first female member.

1967

The Nigerian Civil War begins when Nigerian Federal Troops invade Biafra.

2004

The first direct presidential election is held in Indonesia.

1997

Sovereignty over Hong Kong is officially transferred from the United Kingdom to China.