This Day in History

Archived Facts

2008

Russia unilaterally recognizes the sovereignty of South Ossetia and Abkhazia, breakaway republics from Georgia.

1944

Paris is liberated after more than four years of Nazi occupation during World War II.

1922

Irish National Army commander-in-chief Michael Collins was assassinated in an ambush while en route through County Cork.

1968

Warsaw Pact troops, led by the Soviet Union, invade Czechoslovakia in answer to the Prague Spring.

1955

Anti-French riots break out in Algeria and Morocco, resulting in hundreds of deaths.

1934

Adolf Hitler gains absolute executive power as Führer through a plebiscite in Germany.

1964

South Africa is banned from the Olympic Games for refusing to renounce apartheid.

2000

North and South Korea hold temporary reunions for family members separated for half a century by the Korean War.

1947

The partition of India by the British Raj establishes Pakistan as a state.

1961

East German troops seal the border between East and West Berlin, beginning the construction of the Berlin Wall.

1978

Japan and the People’s Republic of China sign the Treaty of Peace and Friendship.

1960

Chad gains independence from France.

2008

Georgian troops respond to South Ossetian separatist attacks, launching a five-day war with Russia.

1945

The Enola Gay drops the Little Boy atomic bomb on Hiroshima.

1963

The U.S., the U.K., and the U.S.S.R. sign the Limited Nuclear Test Ban Treaty after years of difficult negotiation.

1991

The United States and the Soviet Union sign the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START I).

1974

Greece, Turkey, and the United Kingdom agree to enlarge the role of UN peacekeepers in Cyprus.

1975

The Organization of American States votes to lift its mandatory collective embargo on Cuba.