This Day in History

Archived Facts

1980

Zimbabwe gains independence.

1975

The Khmer Rouge captures Cambodia’s capital of Phnom Penh, ending the five-year civil war.

1961

The Bay of Pigs invasion begins with the aim of overthrowing Cuba’s Fidel Castro.

2002

A coup briefly topples Venezuelan president Hugo Chavez for forty-seven hours.

1919

Mexican Revolution leader Emiliano Zapata is shot dead by government forces.

1991

Georgia declares independence from the Soviet Union

1994

The Rwandan genocide begins, resulting in mass killings of Tutsis and moderate Hutus.

1948

President Harry Truman signs the Marshall Plan, giving aid to European countries devastated by World War II.

1917

President Woodrow Wilson sends a request to Congress to declare war on Germany.

1979

A national referendum in Iran overwhelmingly votes for the country to become an Islamic Republic.

1964

A coup d’etat in Brazil, supported by the United States, overthrows President Joao Goulart, member of the Labour Party.

1959

China dissolves the Tibetan government, sending the Dalai Lama into exile.

1979

Egypt becomes the first Arab state to recognize Israel as the two sign an accord at Camp David.

1957

The European Economic Community is created to bring a common market and economic integration.

1989

The Exxon Valdez runs aground in Alaska, devastating local wildlife and economies with spilt oil.

1980

Following the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, President Jimmy Carter announces a U.S. boycott of the Moscow Olympics.

1956

Tunisia gains independence from France.