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UN Firearms Protocol

Published May 2001

The UN Firearms Protocol was adopted in May 2001 and entered into force on July 3, 2005. The UN states that the protocol was "adopted in May 2001 by General Assembly resolution 55/255, as the third supplementary Protocol to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime.

The objective of the Firearms Protocol, which is the first legally binding instrument on small arms adopted at the global level, is to promote, facilitate and strengthen cooperation among States in preventing, combating and eradicating the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition."