When the Berlin Wall collapsed on November 9, 1989—signaling the end of the Cold War—America and the West declared victory: democracy and free markets had prevailed and the United States emerged as the world's triumphant superpower. The finger-on-the-button tension that had defined a generation was over, and it seemed that peace was at hand.
But in their new book, America Between the Wars: From 11/9 to 9/11, Center for a New American Security's Derek Chollet and Council Senior Fellow James M. Goldgeier write that it is a mistake to dismiss the twelve years between 1989 and 2001 as a "holiday from history." Just as history did not end on 11/9, it did not begin on 9/11.
America Between the Wars shows that the challenges confronting America today—the struggle with Iraq, tensions with allies, combating extremist forces determined to spread terror, responding to the violent breakdown of states, stemming the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, managing the economy in an era of dramatic technological revolution, and choosing when to send American soldiers, sailors, airmen, and marines to fight—did not start on 9/11. They began when the Cold War ended more than a decade earlier, and the Democrats and Republicans are still struggling with the consequences—and will continue to do so when a new president takes office in 2009 and beyond.
Drawing on interviews with leaders across the political spectrum, from Colin Powell and Newt Gingrich to Madeleine Albright and Robert Rubin to Pat Buchanan and Ralph Nader, as well as using declassified government documents, America Between the Wars shows how liberals and conservatives reacted to the collapse of communism and tried to refashion themselves to forge a new kind of politics. It also tells the story of how America's leaders grappled with a moment of dramatic change—offering fresh insights on the successes they achieved and the opportunities they missed.
"With expertise, literary facility, and a degree of narrative talent not normally found in policy wonks, [the authors] explicate all the key issues that emerged after the Cold War ... More impressively, they situate their discussion of these issues within a complicated matrix of newly scrambled partisan politics. It's a significant historical contribution." —David Greenberg, Slate magazine "Best Books of 2008"
"[The authors] have written an astute and highly informed book, lucidly mapping the forces that have been reshaping the post-cold-war world ... insightful." —Michiko Kakutani, New York Times
"Provocative. ... A careful explication of why things are as they are, with all those old arguments continuing to sizzle and pop—suggestive and highly useful for those seeking to reshape policy in the near term." —Kirkus Reviews
"An indispensable history to the decade preceding 9/11. You can't understand today's American crisis without understanding how we got there. This book tells us, eloquently and compellingly." —Richard Holbrooke, former U.S. ambassador to the UN
"This book will likely stand as the definitive work on the politics, people,and ideas involved in the foreign policy debates of the 1990s. It shows how, in the decade before September 11, both Republicans and Democrats, both liberals and conservatives, struggled to come to grips with post–Cold War issues such as the use of military force, the promotion of democracy, and the proper U.S. role in the world. This is a lucidly written history, devoid of rhetoric and full of invaluable information." —James Mann, author of Rise of the Vulcans
"America Between the Wars is a deeply researched, well-written account of U.S. foreign policy in the first post–Cold War decade. Authors Chollet and Goldgeier should be commended for being comprehensive and fair-minded. Truly essential reading." —Douglas Brinkley, professor of history at Rice University and fellow at the James A. Baker III Institute for Public Policy
"Here is an excellent account of how the United States and the world changed from the conclusion of the Cold War to the al-Qaeda attacks of 2001. The history of diplomacy and international affairs are inseparable from the history of politics; but it is extremely difficult to do them all justice in a single book. Derek Chollet and James Goldgeier not only succeed, they succeed in style—and they provide a persuasive and entirely original way of understanding America's role in global affairs during a pivotal dozen years." —Sean Wilentz, professor of history at Princeton University and author of The Age of Reagan
"In America Between the Wars, Goldgeier and Chollet examine the decade between the collapse of the Soviet Union and the destruction of the Twin Towers and offer illuminating insights into the forces that have reshaped today's world." —Henry Kissinger
"This book is a gem of current history, a scrupulously fair and highly readable piece of old-fashioned scholarship. Chollet and Goldgeier, two of the most promising young foreign policy experts, now allow us to argue about the ten-year run-up to 9/11 and know what we're talking about." —Leslie H. Gelb, former New York Times columnist and president emeritus of the Council on Foreign Relations
"Chollet and Goldgeier have written a highly informative, engaging, and accessible account of the period between America's most recent major wars—the Cold War and the War on Terror. In this balanced and well written story, they argue that 9/11 did not change everything and that in order to analyze America's challenges today, one must understand the foreign policy debates and clashes of the 1990s." —Lee H. Hamilton, president and director of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars and vice chair of the 9/11 Commission
Derek Chollet is a senior fellow at the Center for a New American Security in Washington, DC, where he also teaches at Georgetown University's Security Studies Program. He served in the State Department during the Clinton administration, as foreign policy adviser to former U.S. senator John Edwards, and assisted former U.S. secretaries of state James A. Baker III and Warren Christopher with their memoirs. He has written or coedited three books on American foreign policy, and his articles have appeared in the Washington Post, Financial Times, Los Angeles Times, Washington Monthly, and numerous other publications.
James Goldgeier is a professor of political science and international affairs at the George Washington University and a senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations. He has authored or coauthored three books on foreign policy, and his articles have appeared in publications including Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, the National Interest, Washington Post, Financial Times, and the Weekly Standard. He has held fellowships at Stanford University, the Brookings Institution, the Library of Congress, and the Woodrow Wilson Center, and has served at the State Department and on the National Security Council staff.
India now matters to U.S. interests in virtually every dimension. This Independent Task Force report assesses the current situation in India and the U.S.-India relationship, and suggests a new model for partnership with a rising India.
Rates of heart disease, cancer, diabetes, and other noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) in low- and middle-income countries are increasing faster than in wealthier countries. The report outlines a plan for collective action on this growing epidemic.
Learn more about CFR’s mission and its work over the past year in the 2016 Annual Report. The Annual Report spotlights new initiatives, high-profile events, and authoritative scholarship from CFR experts, and includes a message from CFR President Richard N. Haass. Read and download »
The Winter 2017 issue of CFR's member newsletter, the Chronicle, is a guide to CFR's most important news since November 2016, and includes announcements about new programs, partnerships, fellows, meetings, publications, and members. Read it now.
Now Available: Foreign Policy Begins at Home
The biggest threat to America's security and prosperity comes not from abroad but from within, writes CFR President Richard N. Haass in his provocative new book. More