Foreign Affairs Article

PrintPrint CiteCite
Style: MLAAPAChicago Close


Freedom’s Secret Recipe

Balancing the State, Law, and Accountability

Author: Michael D. Mann
March / April 2012
Foreign Affairs


Francis Fukuyama shot to fame with a 1989 essay called "The End of History?" which he expanded into a 1992 book, The End of History and the Last Man. His thesis was a reworking of the "end of ideology" argument propounded in the 1950s by Daniel Bell and others, with an even more emphatic twist. "What we may be witnessing," Fukuyama declared, "is not just the end of the Cold War, or the passing of a particular period of postwar history, but the end of history as such: that is, the endpoint of mankind's ideological evolution and the universalization of Western liberal democracy as the final form of human government." The argument seemed hubristic, a product of the era's American triumphalism.

Subscribe to Foreign Affairs—the world's leading authority on foreign policy.

Read full article at

More on This Topic


Not All That Glisters

Author: Benn Steil
Financial World

Benn Steil discusses the misunderstood role of Bretton Woods in establishing a global monetary order after the second world war and the...