Interviewee: Peter Navario, CFR Fellow for Global Health
Author: Toni Johnson, Staff Writer, CFR.org
June 25, 2009
South Africa has been coping with one of the most severe HIV/AIDS epidemics in the world. However, a new report shows South Africa's HIV infection rates are leveling off (BBC). CFR Fellow Peter Navario says the report's findings reflect both an increase in the availability of treatment as well as a decrease in the level of new infections. Currently there are about 630,000 South Africans receiving treatment for HIV/AIDS. In early June, President Jacob Zuma announced a plan to more than double the number of people receiving antiretroviral drugs by 2011. Navario says the program would cost about $15 billion dollars in lifetime costs, "a huge sum of money" in light of the country's extreme economic crisis and the possibility of decreased funding from international donors. "I don't know where the money is coming from," he says.
Navario notes that the World Health Organization may also recommend that people with HIV/AIDS begin treatment earlier, which would increase lifetime treatment costs in South Africa and elsewhere considerably. "It is going to be very difficult to treat your way out of this epidemic," he says. "[And] while continuing to emphasize treatment, we need to find ways to really step up prevention efforts." With the economic downturn putting pressure on global health dollars, he says the health community needs to find ways to use existing resources more efficiently. "Cost containment is going to be critical in light of flatlined funds," he says.
The definitive account of the secret war in Laos, which forever changed the CIA from a relatively small spying agency into an organization with vast paramilitary powers. More
CFR President Haass argues for an updated global operating system to address challenges from terrorism to climate change. More
Alden provides an enlightening history of the last four decades of U.S. trade policies and a blueprint for how to keep the United States competitive in a globalized economy. More
The Task Force recommends revising U.S. policy toward North Korea to break the cycle of North Korean provocation and promote stability in Northeast Asia.
India now matters to U.S. interests in virtually every dimension. This Independent Task Force report assesses the current situation in India and the U.S.-India relationship, and suggests a new model for partnership with a rising India.
Rates of heart disease, cancer, diabetes, and other noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) in low- and middle-income countries are increasing faster than in wealthier countries. The report outlines a plan for collective action on this growing epidemic.
This report asserts that elevating and prioritizing the U.S.-Canada-Mexico relationship offers the best opportunity for strengthening the United States and its place in the world.
The International AIDS Conference shows that challenges, such as funding and maintaining political will, likely means no short-term end to...
With the UN meeting on AIDS funding this week, CFR's Laurie Garrett says the slow response to the AIDS epidemic was the single biggest...
This meeting was part of the the Future of U.S. Development Assistance for HIV/AIDS and Global Health Roundtable Series.