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The September 12 Paradigm

America, the World, and George W. Bush

Author: Robert Kagan
September/October 2008
Foreign Affairs


The 9/11 attacks persuaded George W. Bush, a self-professed realist, to adopt an expansive and aggressive global strategy. But if the "war on terror" and the Iraq war succeeded in their immediate aims, they were still insu⁄cient bases for U.S. policy. The next administration should learn from Bush's mistakes, but it cannot shrink from using U.S. power to build a liberal order founded on democratic principles.

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