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US Constitution: 8th Amendment


Constitutional Amendment

US Constitution: 8th Amendment

This Amendment states that "excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted." As the US has taken reservations with international agreements on torture and inhumane punishment, this Amendment is the defining instrument on these issues.

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Executive Order 9066

United States Executive Order 9066 was an executive order signed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on February 19, 1942, ďauthorizing the...


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