War of Necessity, War of Choice
In War of Necessity, War of Choice: A Memoir of Two Iraq Wars, Richard N. Haass, one of a handful of top government officials involved in the decision-making process during both Iraq conflicts, explains how and why the two wars resulted from two different policymaking processes, approaches to U.S. foreign policy, and presidential personalities. The book—part history, part memoir—provides a much-needed compass for how the United States can apply the lessons learned from the two wars so that it is better positioned to put into practice what worked and to avoid repeating what so clearly did not.
Watch retired lieutenant general Jay M. Garner, former director of the Office of Reconstruction and Humanitarian Assistance in Iraq, discuss the situation on the ground in 2003.
Listen to CFR President Richard N. Haass discuss his new book, War of Necessity, War of Choice: A Memoir of Two Iraq Wars, with educators as part of CFR's Academic Conference Call series.
Learn more about CFR's Academic Initiative.