To Save the Natural World, Put a Price on It
from The Internationalist and International Institutions and Global Governance Program

To Save the Natural World, Put a Price on It

Collapsing biodiversity is a major ecological emergency. In the wake of Earth Day, it’s worth stepping back to consider the financial value of biodiversity's ecosystem services.
Fish swim above a coral reef in the Red Sea offshore of the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology near the city of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia on December 17, 2019.
Fish swim above a coral reef in the Red Sea offshore of the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology near the city of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia on December 17, 2019. REUTERS/Lucas Jackson

In my weekly column for World Politics ReviewI write about the benefits of elevating the status of natural capital in global economic models.

If the deepening climate crisis teaches us anything, it’s that we are embedded in the natural world and ignore this reality at our peril. At last month’s Leaders Summit on Climate, U.S. President Joe Biden pressed the world’s major economies to slash greenhouse gas emissions and unveiled America’s own plans to do so. The U.S. commitment was impressive, if necessarily tentative. It remains to be seen whether a politically divided United States can deliver on the administration’s pledge to cut emissions 50-52 percent below 2005 levels by 2030. Still, the scale of ambition suggested a dawning ecological realism—an overdue recognition that the fate and wealth of nations and indeed human survival are inextricably linked to the health of the biosphere.

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Climate change, of course, is only one facet of the planet’s poor environmental health. The other major ecological emergency is collapsing biodiversity, which threatens the innumerable benefits humans obtain from nature. We often take these for granted and, because they are underpriced or not priced at all, are tempted to degrade and exploit them to exhaustion—the plight of many fisheries, for example. In the wake of Earth Day, it’s worth stepping back to consider the financial value of these ecosystem services, the cost of degrading and failing to account for the planet’s natural capital assets, and whether adjusting our traditional economic and governance models might help place the world on a more sustainable course.

Read the full World Politics Review article here

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Energy and Environment

Economics

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