from Africa in Transition

Violence and Population Displacement in Africa

September 23, 2016

Blog Post
Blog posts represent the views of CFR fellows and staff and not those of CFR, which takes no institutional positions.

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Sub-Saharan Africa

Nigeria

Sudan

Wars and Conflict

South Sudan

The Africa Center for Strategic Studies (ACSS) has published a useful map showing the top ten countries in Africa for population displacement. It finds that 71 percent of the continent’s 18.5 million displaced are from Sudan, South Sudan, Somalia, Nigeria, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). It observes that each of the five are experiencing serious conflict, and that of the top 10, nine are autocratically governed. (Nigeria is the exception, with credible elections in 2015 that brought opposition leader Muhammadu Buhari to the presidency.)

This map was designed by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies. It was originally displayed in the update
This map was designed by the Africa Center for Strategic Studies. It was originally displayed in the update "Population Displacement in Africa: Top 10 Countries of Origin," on September 19, 2016.

The ACSS map can be studied in conjunction with the Council on Foreign Relations Sub-Saharan Security Tracker (SST), which tracks violence. It is updated monthly. It shows violence concentrated in Sudan, South Sudan, Somalia, the DRC, the Central African Republic, and Nigeria—the same countries the ACSS identifies as having the largest displaced populations.

The conclusion must be that the internally displaced and refugee flows are directly tied to internal conflict within African states. Elsewhere, on this enormous continent, levels of violence and displacement are low.

More on:

Sub-Saharan Africa

Nigeria

Sudan

Wars and Conflict

South Sudan

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