Inception Framework
This threat actor uses spear-phishing techniques to target embassies and private-sector energy, defense, aerospace, research, international economics, and media organizations in Africa, Europe, and the Middle East, for the purpose of espionage. It was first identified in 2014 and has been active since.
Suspected victims
  • South Africa
  • Malaysia
  • Turkmenistan
  • Portugal
  • Kenya
  • Suriname
  • Ukraine
  • Afghanistan
  • United Kingdom
  • Turkey
  • Romania
Suspected state sponsor
  • Unknown
Type of incident
  • Espionage
Target category
  • Government
  • Private sector