The countries outside of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty--North Korea, Pakistan, India, and Israel--present a significant challenge for U.S. diplomacy and efforts to restrain the spread of nuclear weapons, experts say.
The Brazilian-Turkish agreement with Iran on enriched uranium was part of Brazil’s effort to project the power to "solve conflict through negotiation," says Brazilian international affairs expert Antonio Ramalho.
Questions about Iran and North Korea will undoubtedly be on the table at the UN’s NPT Review Conference. But expert Li Hong says those issues are best handled outside the conference, which will be more effective focusing on nuclear disarmament, nonproliferation of weapons, and the peaceful uses of nuclear energy.
The Review Conference of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty gets underway amid new concerns about Iran and North Korea and disputes between nuclear haves and have-nots. Fifteen countries will play a special role in the debate.
Although a positive outcome from the 2010 Nonproliferation Treaty Review Conference is in doubt, arms control expert Henrik Salander says there’s a growing feeling that nuclear weapons can eventually be banned.
The Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty review conference at the UN is likely to yield agreements on strengthening the treaty even if a final consensus declaration is elusive, says arms control expert Daryl Kimball.
The summit in Washington may produce commitment to a plan for securing nuclear materials from terrorists, largely because of President Obama’s demonstrated willingness to commit the U.S. to nonproliferation and disarmament goals, says nonproliferation expert Tanya Ogilvie-White.
With this week’s signing of the follow-on to START and next week’s nuclear summit in Washington, President Obama hopes to advance his agenda to reduce the number and spread of nuclear weapons, but proliferation expert Henry Sokolski says the White House faces a gamut of obstacles.
Iran’s Revolutionary Guard will likely be the target of UN Security Council sanctions that could be ready within weeks, says Iran sanctions expert Kenneth Katzman, while Congress focuses on preventing U.S. companies from selling gasoline and refining equipment to Iran.