Targeting of Middle Eastern countries
Date of report
  • June 2022
Since the last quarter of 2020, MuddyWater has maintained a campaign targeting countries in the Middle East. Samples of attacks were gathered from November 2020 to January 2022, but given the more recent samples found, this campaign could be currently active.
Suspected victims
  • Middle Eastern governments
Suspected state sponsor
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Type of incident
  • Espionage
Target category
  • Government
Victim government reaction
  • Unknown