• Also known as Tapaoux, Pioneer, Karba, and Nemim
This threat actor targets multiple private sector entities, law enforcement organizations, and militaries in East Asia for espionage purposes.
Suspected victims
  • Japan
  • Russia
  • Taiwan
  • South Korea
  • China
Suspected state sponsor
  • Korea (Republic of)
Type of incident
  • Espionage
Target category
  • Private sector