- Also known as Shell Crew, Web Masters, APT 19, Kung Fu Kittens, Black Vine, Temp.Avengers, and Group 13
This threat actor compromises high-tech sector companies, the U.S. defense industrial base, nongovernmental organizations, and state and federal government entities for espionage purposes. It is also suspected of being behind the breaches at Anthem, the U.S. Office of Personnel Management, and United Airlines.
- United States
Suspected state sponsor
Type of incident
- Private sector